Lighting Systems

  • Pranab Kumar Nag
Part of the Design Science and Innovation book series (DSI)


Selection of the lighting system, namely general lighting, directional lighting, localized, and local lighting, is to make the task area illuminated as uniformly as possible. This chapter describes the factors involved in the selection of light sources, including incandescent lamps, fluorescent/high-intensity discharge lamps, and light-emitting diodes, used in offices and commercial establishments. Details include the type of lamp, power consumption, luminous flux and efficacy, light colour, colour rendering, and base of the lamp. There are issues with lighting controls, such as localized manual controls, time controls, occupancy controls, movement about a building, photoelectric switching, dimming controls, and emergency lightings. The chapter includes a multitude of lighting-related standards that are categorized as lighting energy, lighting design, indoor lighting, workplace-specific lighting, emergency lighting, outdoor lighting, and lighting standards for industries. The chapter compiles energy and lighting software (such as DOE-2, EnergyPlus, DeST), which have been practiced to predict daylighting, electrical lighting performance, energy simulation, thermal performance of buildings, design energy efficient building envelopes and HVAC systems and depict compliance of building energy codes.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pranab Kumar Nag
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Environment and Disaster ManagementRamakrishna Mission Vivekananda UniversityKolkataIndia

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