Vector Analysis in Annex to Electromagnetics

  • Liudmila Nickelson


This chapter provides basic knowledge of vector analysis as EM-fields are actually vector values. This chapter considers such operators as divergence and curl because ЕМ theory is based on Maxwell’s equations containing vector operators. In case of propagation of EM waves in strongly absorbent media, the electric and magnetic fields of waves are described by using complex values. Therefore, the first chapter also deals with complex numbers. At the end of the chapter, the author gives 18 tasks with respective solutions.

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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liudmila Nickelson
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Electronics, Department of Electronic systemsVilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania

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