Balance Between Cover Resistance and Pump Capacity for Designing Vertical Gas Wells

  • Qi-Teng Zheng
  • R. Kerry Rowe
  • Shi-Jin FengEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Considering exponential decreases in landfill gas (LFG) generation and gas permeability of waste with depth, a design method for vertical gas well spacing to achieve a 90% recovery rate is proposed through a quantitative analysis of over 500,000 scenarios calculated using a normalized analytical solution. Both increasing cover resistance and pump capacity can allow an increase in the well spacing while maintaining a 90% recovery rate but may result in a maximum gas pressure below the cover ranging from −5 kPa to tens of kPa. A balance between cover and pump effects is to be achieved in this paper by constraining a maximum gas pressure of 1 kPa below the cover and a recovery rate of 90%. With this goal, the design cover resistance is shown to be strongly related to LFG generation and vertical gas permeability at the top of the waste and the non-homogeneity of LFG generation with depth, but is independent of vacuum pressure and non-homogeneity of gas permeability with depth. A chart suitable for designing to meet these objectives is proposed and illustrated by a practical application.


Landfill Waste non-homogeneity Vertical gas well Maximum cover-gas pressure Design 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.GeoEngineering Centre at Queen’s-RMC, Department of Civil EngineeringQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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