Hydraulic Conductivity of Soil-Bentonite Cutoff Walls Constructed at the Ground Containing Cement Stabilized Soil

  • Atsushi TakaiEmail author
  • Kazuki Yamaguchi
  • Toru Inui
  • Takeshi Katsumi
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)


Because of high deformability even after construction, soil-bentonite (SB) cutoff walls, which are constructed by blending slurry and powder bentonite with in situ soil, are occasionally conjunct with soil-cement (SC) walls or cement stabilized soil having relatively high strength in the case that both strength and barrier performance is partly required. In this study, barrier performance of SBs containing cement at different proportions was experimentally evaluated using a flexible-wall permeameter. Specifically, SCs made with cement proportions of 100, 300, 500 kg/m3 were crushed after certain periods of curing time and used as a parent material of SBs. Experimental results demonstrate that hydraulic conductivity of SB containing cement can sufficiently decrease with time when bentonite is blended three hours after cement addition, while barrier performance of SB is insufficiently high when bentonite is added after 7-day and 28-day curing. Thus, a bentonite powder content of 100 kg/m3, which is a conventional proportion for construction of SB walls, is insufficient when cement stabilized soil exists in the ground.


Bentonite Containment Cement Hydraulic conductivity 



The authors acknowledge to Mr. G. Araki, Mr. N. Ukaji and Mr. K. Ikeda (Raito Kogyo Co., Ltd.) for their great support to this research work.


  1. Katsumi T, Ishimori H, Onikata M, Fukagawa R (2008) Long-term barrier performance of modified bentonite materials against sodium and calcium permeant solutions. Geotext Geomembr 26(1):14–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Mesri G, Olson RE (1971) Mechanisms controlling the permeability of clays. Clays Clay Miner 19:151–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Norrish K, Quirk J (1954) Crystalline swelling of montmorillonite: Use of electrolytes to control swelling. Nature 173:255–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Opdyke SM, Evans JC (2005) Slag-cement-bentonite slurry walls. J. Geotech Geoenviron Eng 131(6):673–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Petrov RJ, Rowe RK, Quigley RM (1997) Selected factors influencing GCL hydraulic conductivity. J Geotech Geoenviron Eng 123:683–695CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ryan CR, Day SR (2002) Soil-cement-bentonite slurry walls. In: International deep foundations congress 2002, ASCE, pp 713–737Google Scholar
  7. Takai A, Inui T, Katsumi T, Kamon M, Araki S (2013) Hydraulic barrier performance of soil bentonite mixture cutoff wall. In: Manassero M, Dominijanni A, Foti S, Musso G (eds) Coupled phenomena in environmental geotechnics – from theoretical and experimental research to practical applications, pp 707–714. CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  8. Takai A, Inui T, Katsumi T (2016) Evaluating the hydraulic barrier performance of soil-bentonite cutoff walls using the piezocone penetration test. Soils Found 56(2):277–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atsushi Takai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kazuki Yamaguchi
    • 1
  • Toru Inui
    • 1
  • Takeshi Katsumi
    • 1
  1. 1.Kyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations