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Risk, Sustainability and Resiliency Considerations in Polluted Site Remediation

  • Krishna R. Reddy
  • Girish Kumar
  • Yan-Jun Du
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Environmental pollution including the soil and groundwater contamination has been a major problem faced by the U.S., and many other countries across the world. Realizing the impact contaminated sites had on human health and environment, some of the major environmental regulatory agencies were formed that imposed strict regulations to condemn improper waste disposal practices and to clean up the contaminated sites. Over the years, the environmental regulations and policies have evolved from being ambitious and impractical to a more rational risk-based remediation approach. Several remediation technologies have been developed based on their suitability to different site characteristics. However, the choice of the final remedial technology has always been dictated by its ability to reduce the contaminant concentrations to remedial goals, the cost, and speed of implementation of the technology at the contaminated site. The enormous use of energy and resources by the remediation activities and consequently, the broader environmental impacts that follow from various remediation activities goes unaccounted. In recent years, a more holistic approach, the green and sustainable remediation, involving the quantification of net environmental, economic, and social impacts/benefits (the triple bottom line) of site remediation activities is given great importance to achieve sustainable development. Moreover, with the global climate change and regularly occurring extreme events, it is essential that the remediation plan and design is resilient/adaptable to the extreme events. This study presents an overview of risk-based site remediation approach, and green and sustainable remediation and the tools that aid in quantifying the sustainability of remediation alternatives. In addition, the importance of considering resilient design in remediation projects is discussed. Finally, the challenges and opportunities that needs to be addressed to realize sustainable and resilient remediation are highlighted.

Keywords

Contaminated sites Pollution Sustainable remediation Resilience 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Materials EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, Southeast UniversityNanjingChina

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