Skip to main content

Numerical Analysis for Water Annulus Transportation of High-Viscosity Oil Under the Opening Ball Valve

  • 230 Accesses


Nowadays transporting oil in water annular flow is one of the more advanced methods of pipeline transportation, but the stability of water annulus is an important prerequisite for the good operation of the pipeline transport. Therefore, the influence of valve on the stability annular flow of high-viscosity oil and water is discussed, based on the technique of sliding mesh, and tracked the oil–water interface by VOF method, the flow characteristics of the oil and water core-annular flow (CAF) are calculated by the finite volume analysis software under different opening speed of valve and the thickness of water annulus. Finally, the simulation result has been proved by CAF experiments. The results show that the numerical calculation will help to predict the flowing rate of oil and water CAF inside the valve and the downstream pipeline. During the time that the ball valve is working, the flow course of oil and water CAF is divided into three stages, among which are the breakage of annular flow, the development of annular flow and the stabilization of annular flow. The turbulent flow after valve gradually decreased at the valve opening of 50%. The opening speed of ball valve has a great influence on the pressure and velocity of the flow field after the ball valve, and the velocity at the inlet and outlet of ball valve reaches a maximum. At the same time, the opening speed has little effect on the valve flow resistance coefficient. Only by increasing the water annulus thickness could promote oil–water CAF to be generated quickly when the valve is from the closed to fully opened. The conclusion could provide technical support for the application of oil–water core-annular flow.


  • Ball valve
  • Opening speed
  • Thickness of water annular
  • Vortex
  • Numerical simulation

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2173-3_13
  • Chapter length: 16 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
USD   169.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-981-13-2173-3
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 10.
Fig. 11.
Fig. 12.
Fig. 13.
Fig. 14.
Fig. 15.


  1. Yaghi BM, Al-Bemani A (2002) Heavy crude oil viscosity reduction for pipeline transportation. Energy Sources 24(2):93–102

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  2. Jiang F, Yun L, Wang YJ, Liu ZZ, Chen CG (2016) Numerical simulation of non-Newtonian core annular flow through rectangle return bends. J Appl Fluid Mech 9(1):431–441

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  3. Jiang F, Wang YJ, Ou JJ, Chen CG (2014) Numerical simulation of oil–water core annular flow in a U-bend based on the Eulerian model. Chem Eng Technol 37(4):659–666

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  4. Moujaes SF, Jagan R (2008) 3D CFD predictions and experimental comparisons of pressure drop in a ball valve at different partial openings in turbulent flow. J Eng—Asce 134(1):24–28

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  5. Lee JH, Lee KH (2010) Prediction of the resistance coefficient in segment ball valve. J Mech Sci Technol 24(1):439–442

    Google Scholar 

  6. Valdes JR, Rodriguez JM (2014) Numerical simulation and experimental validation of the cavitating flow through a ball check valve. Energy Convers Manag 78(12):776–786

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  7. Kerh T, Lee JJ, Wellford LC (2014) Transient fluid-structure interaction in a control valve. J Fluids Eng 42(11):199–204

    Google Scholar 

  8. Jeon HP, Kim DY, Lee JC (2014) CFD analysis on the flow characteristics with discharge coefficient in a PFA lined ball valve for different opening degrees. KSFM J Fluids Mach 17(4):76–78

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  9. Wan WY, Lian JJ, Li YZ (2005) Influence of valve system discharge coefficient on hydraulic transients. J Tsinghua Univ (Sci & Tech) 45(9):1198–1201

    Google Scholar 

  10. Qu D, Lou JJ, Zhang ZH et al (2017) Numerical simulation of dynamic flow field of ball valve based on dynamic mesh. J Naval Univ Eng 29(4):26–30

    Google Scholar 

  11. Zhang XH, Wang T, Jiao YR et al (2017) Simulation and analysis of flow field based on FLUENT software in all-welded Ball valve under different media. J Xihua Univ (Natural Science) 36(2):6–10

    Google Scholar 

  12. Gong Y, Gui L (2010) Numerical simulation and flow field analysis of resistance coefficient of ball valve. Water Resour Electr Power 36(3):20–24

    Google Scholar 

  13. Zhou JJ, Lv HX, Shi X et al (2014) Effect of PVC exhaust valves on water hammer protection of mountain irrigation pipes. J Northwest A&F Univ (Nat Sci Ed) 42(11):199–204

    Google Scholar 

  14. Cazarez-Candiaa O, Piedra-Gonzálezb S (2017) Modeling of heavy oil–water core-annular upward flow in vertical pipes using the two-fluid model. J Petrol Sci Eng 150:146–153

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  15. Kaushika VVR, Ghosha S, Das G, Das PK (2012) CFD simulation of core annular flow through sudden contraction and expansion. J Petrol Sci Eng 86:153–164

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  16. Ameri M, Tirandaz N (2017) Two phase flow in a wavy core-annular configuration through a vertical pipe: analytical model for pressure drop in upward flow. Int J Mech Sci 126:151–160

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  17. Tripathi S, Bhattacharya A, Singh R, Tabor RF (2015) Lubricated transport of highly viscous non-Newtonian fluid as core-annular flow: a CFD study. Procedia IUTAM 15:278–285

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

Download references


This project is supported by Guangdong Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 2016A030313653), and the Science and Technology Plan of Guangzhou City (Grant No. 201607010291).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Fan Jiang .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this paper

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this paper

Jiang, F., Li, S., Xu, Y., Chen, J. (2019). Numerical Analysis for Water Annulus Transportation of High-Viscosity Oil Under the Opening Ball Valve. In: Shemwell, S., Lin, J. (eds) Proceedings of the International Petroleum and Petrochemical Technology Conference 2018. IPPTC 2018. Springer, Singapore.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-13-2172-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-13-2173-3

  • eBook Packages: EnergyEnergy (R0)