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Effect of Additives on Viscosity of Sulfonate Gemini Surfactant Solution

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Abstract

In order to optimize the temperature-resistant and thickening performance of single anionic Gemini surfactant in cleaning fracturing fluid, and to explore the thickening effect and mechanism of additives on its solution viscosity, the effects of the preferred novel sulfonate Gemini surfactant(DS18-3-18) concentration, NaCl, dodecanal, SDBS, and nano-MgO on the viscosity of DS18-3-18 solution were systematically studied by MR301 rheometer at 90 ℃ andγ = 170 s−1; and the microstructure of the solution was studied by scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the greater the concentration of DS18-3-18 solution, the stronger its tackifying ability, and the optimal concentration is 4%. The addition of NaCl reduced the viscosity of 4% DS18-3-18 solution, while the additives of dodecanol, SDBS, and nano-MgO can effectively improve the viscosity of 4% DS18-3-18 solution at high temperature. The optimal system of 4% DS18-3-18 and 3% dodecanol was selected, which could meet the requirement of 25 mPa s for the effective carrying of proppant in clean fracturing fluid at 90 ℃ and its microstructure showed that the arrangement of close-packed sheet micelles was beneficial to improve the temperature resistance and thickening performance. What’s more, this phenomenon provides the experimental and theoretical basis for the thickening system of DS18-3-18 in cleaning fracturing fluid.

Keywords

  • Sulfonate Gemini surfactant
  • Viscosity
  • High temperature
  • Additives

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51474035): The fundament study of high-temperature clean fracturing fluid constructed by anionic Gemini surfactant and nanoparticle and Innovation Fund Project of Hubei Cooperative Innovation Center of Unconventional Oil and Gas (HBUOG-2014-2): Adsorption desorption characteristics of shale gas and optimization of clean fracturing fluid.

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Correspondence to Shanfa Tang .

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Zheng, Y., Tang, S., Pu, M., Wang, J., Zhou, T. (2019). Effect of Additives on Viscosity of Sulfonate Gemini Surfactant Solution. In: Shemwell, S., Lin, J. (eds) Proceedings of the International Petroleum and Petrochemical Technology Conference 2018. IPPTC 2018. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2173-3_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-2173-3_10

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