Application of Foam and Sand as Dual Media Filter for Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting System

  • Shilpa MishraEmail author
  • A. R. Tembhurkar
Conference paper


This paper discussed the application of foam and sand as dual media filter for rooftop rainwater harvesting system for any residential or commercial building. The area selected for analysis is the new girl’s hostel building of VNIT Nagpur campus. A rooftop rainwater harvesting system is proposed using foam and sand as dual media for filtration and various tests are performed and results are find to provide solution to water scarcity and sustainable use of water for future.


Foam and sand dual media filter Rainwater harvesting Turbidity Water conservation Water reuse 


  1. 1.
    APHA.: Standard Methods for the Examination of Waters and Wastewaters, 21st edn. American Public Health Association (APHA); Washington DC (2005)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Punmia, B.C., Ashok Kumar Jain, E., Jain, A.K.: Environmental Engineering—I: Water Supply Engineering, 2nd edn. Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mouri, M., Niwa, C.: Pilot plant studies on filtration of raw sewage using floating filter media and multiple filter column inlets. Water Sci. Technol. 128, 143–151 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Tiwari, S., Tembhurkar, A.R.: Laboratory studies on filtration unit with foam and sand as dual media. Int. Res. J. Lab Land 2(8), 450–452 (2010)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Islamuddin, I.A.: Treatment of domestic waste water by filtration operation using low-cost natural adsorbents. Int. J. Emerg. Technol. Eng. Res. (IJETER) 4(4), 114–118 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wagener, C., Bellelo, S., Malone, R.: Static low density media filter for organic and solid removal from domestic wastewater. In: Proceedings of the 75th Annual Technical Exhibition and Conference of the Water Environment Federation, 2002, Chicago, Illinois (2002)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Badalians Gholikandi, G., Dehghanifard, E., Noori Sepehr, M., Torabian, A., Moalej, S., Dehnavi, A., Yari, A.R., Asgari, A.R.: Performance evaluation of different filter media in turbidity removal from water by application of modified qualitative indices. Iran J. Public Health 41(4), 87–93 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Templeton, M.R., Andrews, R.C., Hofmann, R.: Removal of particle-associated bacteriophages by dual-media filtration at different filter cycle stages and impacts on subsequent UV disinfection. Water Res. 41(11), 2393–406 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Devi, R., Alemayehu, E., Singh, V., Kumar, A., Mengistie, E.: Removal of fluoride, arsenic and coliform bacteria by modified homemade filter media from drinking water. Bioresour. Technol. 99(7), 2269–2274 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shegokar, V.V., Ramteke, D.S., Meshram, P.U.: Design and treatability studies of low cost grey water treatment with respect to recycle and reuse in rural areas. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. Appl. Sci. 4(8), 113–124 (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering DepartmentMVSR Engineering CollegeHyderabadIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringVNIT NagpurNagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations