What Constitutes a Fair and Equitable Water Apportionment?

  • Himanshu TyagiEmail author
  • A. K. Gosain
  • Rakesh Khosa
Conference paper


Water has been a source of conflict since time immemorial. Numerous mechanisms have been proposed for solving such conflicts but multiplicity of water uses and users along with self-serving definition of equitable, makes dispute resolution challenging. Doctrines advocating water appropriation based on the notion of equity and fairness are intuitively appealing. However, subjectivity of this concept impedes their translation to universal principles for water allocation as fairness quotient of any mechanism is determined unitedly by gamut of diverse factors. Thus, the present study critically reviews the connotations of equity and equality to arrive at a procedurally and distributionally just apportionment policy for real-world water conflicts. It seeks an equal opportunity paradigm for deservedness-based resource distribution that could be unanimously amenable to all stakeholders. The study is very apposite as there is a lurking fear of heightened water conflicts that could have bitter socio-political ramifications.


Conflict resolution Egalitarianism Equity and fairness Proportionality Transboundary rivers 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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