How Did the Extension of Underground Shopping Mall Vitalize Kaiyu Within City Center?

  • Saburo SaitoEmail author
  • Masakuni Kakoi
  • Masakuni Iwami
Part of the New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives book series (NFRSASIPER, volume 19)


In February 2005, the Tenjin underground shopping mall, located in the center of Tenjin commercial district of Fukuoka City, was extended, and its shop floor space was increased. This development project was designated as a private urban revitalization project by the Urban Renaissance Headquarters of Japanese Government. It is expected to attract more customers to the Tenjin district, make it the main axis of the shop-arounds or Kaiyu flows within the district, and link the underground shops of the department stores together. The purpose of this study is to clarify how much shop-arounds or Kaiyu flows among the department stores adjoining to the underground shopping mall were vitalized by the extension of the underground shopping mall. This study also aims at verifying how much the redevelopment project of the underground shopping mall has contributed to the revitalization of the city center commercial district through enhancing Kaiyu within the district.


Underground shopping mall Kaiyu City center revitalization Department store Markov model Urban development Evaluation Tenjin Fukuoka 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saburo Saito
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Masakuni Kakoi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Masakuni Iwami
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsFukuoka UniversityFukuokaJapan
  2. 2.Fukuoka University Institute of Quantitative Behavioral Informatics for City and Space Economy (FQBIC)FukuokaJapan

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