Millions of people become blind due to cataracts and other avoidable or preventable eye diseases. South Asia has multiple sites of global health innovation addressing this problem. Science and technology studies scholars, business scholars, evolutionary economists, and the government of the Netherlands use the multi-level perspective in transition studies to think through socio-technical change. The limitations of the multi-level perspective for understanding socio-technical change in the global south are evaluated, and the historical origins and current understanding of technology transfer, modern development, and appropriate technology in the global south are conveyed. This global ethnography of community ophthalmology organizations reveals that the multi-level perspective cannot be used to explain endogenous development in the global south, without the new theoretical framework of dual socio-technical regimes. Chapters 2–8 are summarized.


Socio-technical Regime Multi-level Perspective Global South Community Ophthalmology Sociotechnical Change 
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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Logan Williams Consultancy Services, LLCCumberlandUSA

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