Skip to main content

Modeling and Analysis of Material Flow Toward a Better E-Waste Recycling System in Malaysia

  • Chapter
  • First Online:
Technologies and Eco-innovation towards Sustainability I

Abstract

Developing countries tend to have electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) issues, such as illegal importation and exportation of e-waste, improper recycling of e-waste, and hoarding of e-waste, leading to scarcity of data on e-waste. Without e-waste data, it is almost impossible to establish any effective measure for emerging e-waste problems. This paper aims to clarify the e-waste flow in Malaysia by making an e-waste flow model and estimating scarce e-waste data. The paper also proposes ideas on how to increase the amount of e-waste flowing into recycling facilities on the basis of the e-waste flow model. Material flow analysis is implemented to clarify and to fully understand how e-waste flows in Malaysia, on a national scale. Extrapolation, scale-up calculation, and scenario analysis are used to derive and estimate scarce data from prior studies, which are needed in the e-waste flow model. This paper also compares e-waste data between the industrial sector and the household sector. The results show that e-waste management in Malaysia’s household sector is still below par, with most of the e-waste generated from that sector going to places other than recycling facilities. With the household sector as the main target of the idea proposal, the paper identifies that “scrap” and “hoarding” are the main problems in the current e-waste management system. Thus, an idea is proposed for these respective issues in order to increase the amount of e-waste that flows to “recycling” by reducing the amount of e-waste that flows to “scrap” and “hoarding.”

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Chapter
USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
eBook
USD 149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 199.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  1. Grant K, Goldizen FC, Sly PD, Brune MN, Neira M, Berg MVD, Norman RE. Health consequences of exposure to e-waste: a systematic review. Lancet Glob Health. 2013;1(6):e350–61.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. E-wasteguide.info. Valuable substances in e-waste. http://ewasteguide.info/valuable_materials_in_e_waste. Accessed January 2017.

  3. Vidal J. Toxic ‘e-waste’ dumped in poor nations, says United Nations. The Guardian. 2013. https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/dec/14/toxic-ewaste-illegal-dumping-developing-countries. Accessed January 2017.

  4. Official Portal of Department of Environment Malaysia. Environmental quality (scheduled wastes) regulations. 2005. https://www.doe.gov.my/portalv1/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Environmental_Quality_Scheduled_Wastes_Regulations_2005_-_P.U.A_294-2005.pdf. Accessed January 2017.

  5. Wilson GT, Smalley G, Suckling JR, Lilley D, Lee J, Mawle R. The hibernating mobile phone: dead storage as a barrier to efficient electronic waste recovery. Waste Manag. 2017;60:521–33.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. E-Marketing. Senheng “e-Waste alam alliance recycling program” launching ceremony. 2013. http://www.senheng.com.my/updates/tag/recycle/. Accessed January 2017.

  7. Kahhat R, Williams E. Materials flow analysis of e-waste: domestic flows and exports of used computers from the United States. Resour Conserv Recycl. 2012;67:67–74.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Suja F, Rahman RA, Yusof A, Masdar MS. E-waste management scenarios in Malaysia. J Waste Manag. 2014;2014:7. Article ID 609169

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Sustainable System Design Institute (SSDI), Kokusai Kogyo Co., Ltd. Malaysia: the project for model development for e-waste collection, segregation and transportation from households for recycling final report. Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). 2013. https://www.open_jicareport.jica.go.jp/pdf/12111878_01.pdf.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Tiep HS, Kin TDY, Ahmed EM, Teck LC. E-waste management practices of households in Melaka. Int J Environ Sci Dev. 2015;6:11.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Official Portal of Department of Environment. List of scheduled waste contractors in Malaysia. 2012. https://www.doe.gov.my/portalv1/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/e-waste-full2.pdf. Accessed January 2017.

  12. Official Portal of Department of Environment. List of scheduled waste contractors in Malaysia. 2012. https://www.doe.gov.my/portalv1/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/E-Waste-Partial.pdf. Accessed January 2017.

  13. Babington J, Siwar C, Fariz A, Ara R. Bridging the gaps: an e-waste management and recycling assessment of material recycling facilities in Selangor and Penang. Int J Environ Sci. 2010;1:3.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Afroz R, Masud MM, Akhtar R, Duasa JB. Survey and analysis of public knowledge, awareness and willingness to pay in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia—a case study on household WEEE management. J Clean Prod. 2013;52:185–93.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Mohamad Afnan Haziq .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2019 Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

About this chapter

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Haziq, M.A., Mishima, N. (2019). Modeling and Analysis of Material Flow Toward a Better E-Waste Recycling System in Malaysia. In: Hu, A., Matsumoto, M., Kuo, T., Smith, S. (eds) Technologies and Eco-innovation towards Sustainability I. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-1181-9_9

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics