The Internet of Things: Definition, Tactile-Oriented Vision, Challenges and Future Research Directions

  • Akintayo Johnson AkinyoadeEmail author
  • Opeoluwa Tosin EluwoleEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 797)


Technology has been changing at a rapid pace, especially within the last few decades. The world has witnessed various paradigms of the Internet, such as fixed Internet, mobile Internet and more lately, things Internet or the Internet of things (IoT). The IoT is a key player in establishing global connectivity amongst people and things at an unprecedented scale. Typically built upon radio-frequency identification (RFID), smart and sensor technologies amongst other applications of the IoT seem endless, covering almost every walk of life or industry, ranging from manufacturing to entertainment and health care. This paper explores some key definitions of the IoT and provides a new description of the term. Beyond the convergence of the three existing IoT visions (i.e. network-oriented, things-oriented and semantic-oriented), the paper introduces the “tactile-oriented” vision, a view that considers the essentiality of an emerging paradigm, called the tactile Internet, which will be significant in delivering certain use cases of the nascent fifth-generation (5G) technology. Irrespective of the potential benefits the IoT promises to provide, several challenges and concerns exist, particularly from a consumer viewpoint. Some of the biggest issues of the IoT are presented alongside some areas of further research and development (R&D) as the IoT continues to evolve in the 5G era and beyond.


5G IoT R&D RFID Sensor Smart Tactile-oriented vision 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of RochesterRochesterUSA
  2. 2.BDO LLPSouthamptonUK

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