An Introduction to Technical and Vocational Education in China

  • Xueping WuEmail author
  • Yiqun Ye


Technical and vocational education in China has gone through a long, tortuous course. Counting from the commencement of industrial and commercial education in the 1860s, the earliest technical and vocational education in China has a history of more than 150 years. However, because of the traditional concept “excellent learning assures a decent career,” and the underdevelopment of modern industries in China, the development of the technical and vocational education had been deterred.


Secondary Vocational Schools Vocational Training Council (VTC) Secondary Technique Vocational Education Teachers Macao Science 
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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and Higher Education Press 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of EducationZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Foreign LanguagesZhejiang University of Science and TechnologyHangzhouChina

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