Semi-analytical Methods for Higher Order Boundary Value Problems

  • A. A. OpanugaEmail author
  • H. I. Okagbue
  • O. O. Agboola
  • S. A. Bishop
  • P. E. Oguntunde
Conference paper


This work considers the solution of higher order boundary value problems using Homotopy perturbation method (HPM) and modified Adomian decomposition method (MADM). HPM is applied without any transformation or calculation of Adomian polynomials. The differential equations are transformed into an infinite number of simple problems without necessarily using the perturbation techniques. Two numerical examples are solved to illustrate the method and the results are compared with the exact and MADM solutions. The accuracy, simplicity and rapid convergence of HPM in handling the boundary value problems reveals its advantage over MADM.


Boundary value problems Exact solution Numerical solution MADM HPM Recursive relations 



Authors are grateful to Covenant University for the financial support and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. A. Opanuga
    • 1
    Email author
  • H. I. Okagbue
    • 1
  • O. O. Agboola
    • 1
  • S. A. Bishop
    • 1
  • P. E. Oguntunde
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria

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