Environmental Planning and “Multi-Planning Integration” in China

  • Jia He
  • Cunkuan Bao
  • Jun Zhu
  • Jinnan Wang
Part of the ARI - Springer Asia Series book series (ARI, volume 7)


Different sectors in China have developed different plans for a variety of purposes. Due to the lack of an overarching design for the whole planning system, inconsistencies, redundancy, and conflicts are often revealed in the process of making and implementing urban plans. From a normative perspective, multi-planning integration may help to improve the effectiveness of implementation and to resolve contradictions amongst different types of plan. Within the context of multi-planning integration, the Environmental Plan faces new challenges as well as opportunities. In this chapter, the authors examine the current status of the Environmental Plan and attempt to discern future trends in connection with multi-planning integration. They review the history of the Environmental Plan and carry out a SWOT analysis of it. They discuss the role of Environmental Plan by analysing its relationship to other plans. They take Benxi City in Liaoning Province as a case showing how an integrated Urban Environmental Master Plan is devised in practice. Finally, they offer some suggestions for future improvement.


Urban planning Urban multi-planning integration Urban Environmental Plan 



In writing this chapter, we have received support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41271508) and from the second batch of the Key Project of the National Social Science Foundation of China, 2013 (entitled “Public Involvement in City-level Development Planning”).


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jia He
    • 1
  • Cunkuan Bao
    • 1
  • Jun Zhu
    • 2
  • Jinnan Wang
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Research Centre of Ecological and Environmental Strategy in the Urban Planning and Architectural InstituteFudan UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Chinese Academy for Environmental PlanningBeijingPeople’s Republic of China

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