Cradle to Cradle®—Parquet for Generations: Respect Natural Resources and Offers Preservation for the Future

  • Ansgar Igelbrink
  • Albin KälinEmail author
  • Marko Krajner
  • Roman Kunič
Part of the Environmental Footprints and Eco-design of Products and Processes book series (EFEPP)


Indoor air quality matters in regard of health risks of indoor exposure to particulates. Small particulates indoor are 3–8 times higher than outdoor (Heimlich 2008). The air quality indoor suffers. Industrial products such as building materials, paints, furniture, textiles, flooring, and electronics are off-gazing and in general incorporate toxic ingredients. The environmental and human toxicology quality is a key factor for a healthy living environment. Health risks of indoor exposure to particulates matter in regard to quality of industrial produced products. Wood will certainly stay as one of the leading and the most preferable construction material in the future due to its environmental, local availability, and aesthetic characteristics. Nowadays, using wood in architecture is very fashionable. Research and developments in wood production as well as in wood construction will strongly form the future of sustainable development practically in all parts of the planet Earth. Wood today is trendy, fashionable, and one of the most accessible materials and has an aesthetic view with a natural look and a visual attractiveness, together with the smell, sound, and touch; natural wood is perceived as luxurious. Development could be seen also in façades, inside and other surfaces of modern structures which are increasingly being used. Sustainable luxury products incorporate extraordinary aesthetics, handle, care, function and in addition, to be sustainable need to be safe for humans, society, and the environment. Resources and natural resources are scare and need to be protected in changing the design of the products we use according Cradle to Cradle® principle ‘Remaking the way we make things’ and ‘Towards a circular economy.’ For companies, this implies entrepreneurship to tackle the large impact in change of behavior, culture, marketing and business models in closing the loop, and taking the goods back from the user. The case study, Cradle to Cradle® (McDonough and Braungart 2002)—Parquet for Generations (Bauwerk Parkett 2017)—Respect Resources and Preservation for the Future, illustrates a successful lighthouse example from industry.


Parquet Cradle to Cradle Sustainable development Living and working environment Circular economy Carbon dioxide 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ansgar Igelbrink
    • 1
  • Albin Kälin
    • 2
    Email author
  • Marko Krajner
    • 2
    • 3
  • Roman Kunič
    • 2
  1. 1.Bauwerk Parkett AGSt. MargrethenSwitzerland
  2. 2.EPEA Switzerland GmbHBaechSwitzerland
  3. 3.Faculty of Civil and Geodetic EngineeringUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia

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