The Wisdom of Looking Forward Through Ecological Design and Planning

  • Frederick SteinerEmail author
Part of the EcoWISE book series (EcoWISE)


Ecosystem services are presented as a framework for design and planning in the current geological age, the Anthropocene. This time is defined by human modifications of the earth’s biophysical processes. Four types of ecosystem services are discussed: those which provide, regulate, support, and contribute to human health and welfare. Eight examples illustrate how ecosystem services concepts can be applied in the built environment. These applications underscore the necessity of ecological wisdom for regenerative design and planning for resilience. Wisdom is grounded in knowledge, experience, and sound judgement. The application of ecological wisdom certainly has practical benefits for people but extends to concern for all life with advantages for other species and our shared futures on this planet.


Sustainable Sites SITES Ecosystem Services The Anthropocene Green Infrastucture 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of DesignUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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