Land-Surface Feedback and Impacts of Land-Use Change to Indian Monsoon Rainfall

  • Amey Pathak
  • Supantha Paul
  • Subimal GhoshEmail author


Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR) being mainly controlled by the large-scale oceanic processes is also influenced by the land–atmosphere interactions. At the regional scale, land–atmosphere interactions govern the fate of precipitation by modulating regional hydro-climate variables such as evapotranspiration, snow cover, soil moisture, and surface temperature. The contribution of local evapotranspiration to the precipitation in the same region is known as precipitation recycling. The quantitative estimates of recycling in terms of regional ratio highlight the importance of land-surface feedback in the regional precipitation. In the present chapter, we discuss the role of land-surface feedback (through evapotranspiration) over the India subcontinent during summer monsoon rainfall. We also discuss how a significant change in land-surface condition due to changes in land use–land cover (LULC) could affect the summer monsoon rainfall in India with the help of a sensitivity experiment.


Indian monsoon rainfall Precipitation recycling Impact of changes in LULC type Land-surface feedbacks 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Interdisciplinary Program in Climate StudiesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia
  3. 3.Interdisciplinary Program in Climate Studies and Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

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