State Formation, Marginality and Belonging: Contextualizing Rights of Refugees in India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka

  • Nasreen Chowdhory


I seek answers to my research question: why do refugee studies emphasize repatriation yet overlook problems of integration in post-repatriation context? And, what are the problems of belonging of refugees in exile? What factors determine whether or not refugees in South Asia will be repatriated to their countries of origin? After a careful analysis of policies and citizenry rights, I argue that the uniqueness of state formation in South Asia dictated a particular trajectory of citizenry rights that excluded non-citizens and cultivated a politics of belonging based on nationality. I use the term ‘postcolonial state’ in South Asia to explore different forms of state, ‘stateness’, and governance that perpetuated a particular sense of alienation among the minority groups.


South Asia Refugee rights State formation Marginality Postcolonial state 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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