Advertisement

The Integrative Process of Flocculation and Submerged Membrane Filtration for Drinking Water Supply

  • Lei Zhang
  • Leitao Zhang
  • Yuzhong Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)

Abstract

Submerged membrane filtration process (SMF) is considered as the core of the third-generation water treatment process, so it is necessary to study SMF process to optimize the quality of drinking water. Here, an integrative process of flocculation pretreatment and SMF process is investigated on a pilot test. The results show that the removal rate for turbidity and bacteria is more than 99% and the water quality of production water meet the China’s standards for drinking water (GB 5749-2006). Less than 50% TOC and CODMn is reduced by the integrative process, while only 24.50% of CODMn and 15.40% of TOC in a single SMF process. A slow increase of transmembrane pressure (TMP) appears in the filtration flux range of from 30 to 50 L/m2 h, but a sudden increase is observed at the flux of 60 L/m2 h. This pilot study identifies an integrative process for clean water supply and the SMF process function as a vital role in the integrative process.

Keywords

Drinking water Flocculation SMF Integrative process 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was sponsored by the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education (Funding No. 20111201110003, 20091201120002), the open project of State Key Laboratory of Hollow Fiber Membrane Materials and Membrane Processes and Tianjin Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 11JCZDJC21200, 11JCZDJC23700). We thank Dongying water supply Corporation for technical support and Dongying Gongda water environment Technology Corporation for equipment support.

References

  1. 1.
    G. Lean, D. Hinrichsen, Atlas of the Environment (Harper Perennml, New York, 1994)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    E. Drioli, F. Macedonio, Membrane engineering for water engineering. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 51, 10051–10056 (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Liu, Z.L. Chen, W.Z. Yu, J.M. Shen, J. Gregory, Effect of two-stage coagulant addition on coagulation-ultrafiltration process for treatment of humic-rich water. Water Res. 45, 4260–4268 (2011)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Lipnizki, R.W. Field, P.-K. Ten, Pervaporation-based hybrid process: a review of process design, application and economies. J. Membr. Sci. 153, 183–210 (1999)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    R.J. Petersen, Composite reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membranes. J. Membr. Sci. 83, 81–150 (1993)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.-A. Kim, J.H. Choi, S. Takizawa, Comparison of initial filtration resistance by pretreatment processes in the nanofiltration for drinking water treatment. Sep. Purif. Technol. 56, 354–362 (2007)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.-B. Li, Y.-L. Yang Ultrafiltration–the 3rd generation key water purification technology for city. Water Techn. 1(1), 1–3 (2007)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E. Drioli, A.I. Stankiewicz, F. Macedonio, Membrane engineering in process intensification—an overview. J. Membr. Sci. 380, 1–8 (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Sethi, S. Walker, J. Drewes, et al., Existing and emerging concentrate minimization and disposal practices for membrane systems. Florida Water Resour. J. 38–48 (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    W. Zhang, Hybrid Process of Immersed Ultrafiltration Applied to Micro-Polluted Surface Water Resource for Rural Drinking Water (Tsinghua University, 2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Simonič, A. Lobnik, The efficiency of a hybrid flocculation/UF process for a real dye-house effluent using hydrophilic and hydrophobic membranes. Desalination. 271, 219–224 (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    L. Fiksdal, T.O. Leiknes, The effect of coagulation with MF/UF membrane filtration for the removal of virus in drinking water. J. Membr. Sci. 279, 364–371 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    A.W. Zularisam, A.F. Ismail, M.R. Salim, M. Sakinah, T. Matsuura, Application of coagulation–ultrafiltration hybrid process for drinking water treatment: optimization of operating conditions using experimental design. Sep. Purif. Technol. 65, 193–210 (2009)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Separation Membranes and Membrane ProcessesTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations