Preparation of Micro-porous Chitosan Membrane and Its Adsorption Property for Cr(VI) Ions

  • Bingyang Sun
  • Zhenping Qin
  • Suping Cui
  • Yali Wang
  • Xiaoyu Ma
  • Hongxia Guo
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


Chitosan (CS) micro-porous membranes were prepared by blending-phase inversion method using chitosan as film-forming polymer, polyethylene glycol (PEG) as porogen and glycerol as plasticizer. Adsorption experiments were conducted under varied Cr(VI) ions concentration, pH values, contact time and temperature. The results indicated that when the ratio of chitosan to polyethylene glycol and glycerol was 1:0.5:0.5 at pH of 2.79, the prepared CS membrane exhibited the highest adsorption capacity of 168.41 mg g−1 under Cr(VI) ions concentration of 100 mg L−1, contact time of 4 h, and membrane dosage of 10.0 mg. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models were applied to describe the equilibrium isotherms at different Cr(VI) ions concentrations. The equilibrium data was found to be fitted well to the Langmuir isotherm. Pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order kinetics models were used to describe the membrane adsorption.


Chitosan Adsorption Kinetics Cr(VI) ions 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21476005, 21176005), and the Fund from Beijing Municipal Selected Excellent Overseas Scholars Project.


  1. 1.
    Z. Guo, D.D. Li, X.K. Luo, Simultaneous determination of trace Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry using a reduced graphene oxide-chitosan/ poly-l-lysine nanocomposite modified glassy carbon electrode. J. Colloid & Interface Sci. 490, 11 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Fu, Q. Wang, Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: a review. J. Environ. Manag. 92(3), 407–418 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.S. Madaeni, Y. Mansourpanah, COD removal from concentrated wastewater using membranes. Filtr. Sep. 40(6), 40–46 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    N. Kongsricharoern, C. Polprasert, Chromium removal by a bipolar electro-chemical precipitation process. Water Sci. Technol. 34(9), 109–116 (1996)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Crini, Recent developments in polysaccharide-based materials used as adsorbents in wastewater treatment. Prog. Polym. Sci. 30(1), 38–70 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D.W. O’Connell, C. Birkinshaw, T.F. O’Dwyer, Heavy metal adsorbents prepared from the modification of cellulose: a review. Bioresour. Technol. 99(15), 6709 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G.N. Kousalya, G.M. Rajiv, S. Meenakshi, Sorption of chromium(VI) using modified forms of chitosan beads. Int. J. Biol. Macromol. 47(2), 308–315 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Karthikeyan, S. Rajgopal, L.R. Miranda, Chromium(VI) adsorption from aqueous solution by Hevea Brasilinesis sawdust activated carbon. J. Hazard. Mater. 124(1–3), 192 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Recillas, J. Colón, E. Casals et al., Chromium VI adsorption on cerium oxide nanoparticles and morphology changes during the process. J. Hazard. Mater. 184(1–3), 425 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    X.J. Wu, J.D. Wang, L.Q. Cao, Characterization and adsorption performance of chitosan/diatomite membranes for Orange G removal. e-Polymers 16(2), 99–109 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. Zhao, L. Song, J. Fu, et al. Adsorption characteristics of Ni(II) onto MA–DTPA/PVDF chelating membrane[J]. J. Hazard Mater. 189(3), 732 (2011). Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. Deng, N. Kano, H. Imaizumi, Adsorption of Cr(VI) onto hybrid membrane of carboxymethyl chitosan and silicon dioxide. J. Chem. (2017)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    X.J. Hu, J.S. Wang, Y.G. Liu, Adsorption of chromium (VI) by ethylenediamine-modified cross-linked magnetic chitosan resin: isotherms, kinetics and thermodynamics. J. Hazard. Mater. 185(1), 306–314 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    F. Wang, M. Ge, Organic-inorganic hybrid of chitosan/poly (vinyl alcohol) containing yttrium(III) membrane for the removal of Cr(VI). Fibers Polym. 14(1), 28–35 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bingyang Sun
    • 1
  • Zhenping Qin
    • 2
  • Suping Cui
    • 1
  • Yali Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaoyu Ma
    • 1
  • Hongxia Guo
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Material Science and EngineeringBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Key Laboratory for Green Catalysis and Separation, College of Environmental and Energy EngineeringBeijing University of TechnologyBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations