Life Cycle Assessment of Typical Sanitary Ceramic Products in China

  • Yanjing Wang
  • Yu Liu
  • Xianzheng Gong
  • Zhihong Wang
  • Feng Gao
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


The ceramic sector contributes significantly to the consumption of resources and energy, as well as the impact to the natural environment in China. In this study, the environmental impact of sanitary ceramic products was quantified and analyzed using life cycle assessment methodology with a “cradle to gate” perspective. The results showed that fossil depletion (FDP) were the most serious environmental impacts which account for the total damage (62.02%), followed by global warming potential (GWP) (28.75%) and particulate matter formation (PMFP) (8.12%). In addition, the energy production phase was the stage that resulted to the major environment load due to natural gas production and power generation. The natural gas and coal consumption, as well as CO2 emissions represented significant contribution to the total impact which account for 37.06, 18.92 and 28.44%, respectively. Moreover, it was indicated that the sensitivity of natural gas and electricity consumption to sanitary ceramics were greater than other substances. Therefore, reducing the consumption of natural gas, electricity and resin are the effective way to achieve energy saving and emission reduction in sanitary ceramic industry.


Sanitary ceramics Life cycle analysis Energy saving and emission reduction 



This work was financially supported by the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (Grant No. 2164056), National Key Research and Development Plan (2016YFF0204403-02). Moreover, this work is financed by Beijing municipal science and technology commission project (D161100002416001), National Key Research and Development Program (2016YFF0201501).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yanjing Wang
    • 1
  • Yu Liu
    • 1
  • Xianzheng Gong
    • 1
  • Zhihong Wang
    • 1
  • Feng Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of TechnologyChaoyang District, BeijingChina

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