Low Damage Fracturing Fluid in Low Water Bearing Coal Bed Based on Micro Mechanism of Foam

  • Xiaogang Li
  • Binyu Xu
  • Ping Zhang
  • Danqiong Li
  • Zhaozhong Yang
  • Zhiling Zhou
  • Zhichao Song
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


Coal bed methane (CBM) reservoir in Eastern-Yunnan and Western-Guizhou area generally has the problems of low water content, sensitive to external fluid, so it is promoted to use the foam fracturing fluid in hydraulic fracturing application. The change of bubble size and shape had been observed by using the long focal length zooming microscope and the environmental scanning electron microscope. The distribution and adsorption of additives had been studied by Cryo-SEM. With the experimental results, we can reveal the relation of the macroscopic properties of the foam fracturing fluid and microstructure of foam. Based on these, a low damage and enhanced desorption foam fracturing fluid suitable for low water bearing coal bed has been developed. The research shows that the film self-repair function determines the foam stability of the foam fracturing fluid, surfactant polarity on its important influence in the adsorption on coal surface, it is positive to select the appropriate surfactant for reducing the adsorption damage and enhancing the foam stability of the fracturing fluid. The foam fracturing fluid developed in this study has a foam quality of 78% and a half-time of 1110 s. According to the SEM and damage experiment, the damage rate of the fluid to coal core is negative, and some secondary micro-fractures generated in the coal after soaking with the foam fracturing fluid. Thus, there is a field application value for the foam fracturing fluid which be studied in this paper.


Coal bed methane (CBM) Foam fracturing fluid Microanalysis Performance optimization 



The authors acknowledge the financial support provided by the National Science and Technology Major Project (2016ZX05044004002).


  1. 1.
    Ministry of Land and Resources People’s Republic of China, China Mineral Resources (Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 2015), p. 4Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ministry of Land and Resources People’s Republic of China, China Mineral Resources (Geological Publishing House, Beijing, 2016), p. 5Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Gao, Y. Qin, T. Yi, Geological condition, exploration and exploitation strategy of coal-bed methane resources in Guizhou. Coal Geol. Chin. 21, 20–23 (2009)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Xu, S. Sang, T. Yi, X. Zhao, H. Liu, L. Li, Control mechanism of buried depth and in-situ stress for coal reservoir permeability in Western Guizhou. Earth Sci. J. Chin. Univ. Geosci. 39, 1507–1516 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Z. Chen, D. Tang, H. Xu, S. Tao, B. Zhang, J. Cai, C. Meng, The pore system properties of coalbed methane reservoirs and recovery in Western Guizhou and Eastern Yunnan. J. Chin. Coal Soc. 35, 158–163 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    X. Meng, S. Liu, G. Shi, L. Zhu, X. Feng, Results of CBM testing and remoulding of reservoir in Eastern Yunnan and Western Guizhou and related problems and suggestions. Chin. Coalbed Methane. 3, 31–34 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Oussoltsev, I. Fomin, K.K. Butula, K. Mullen, A. Gaifullin, A. Ivshin, D. Senchenko, I. Faizullin, Foam fracturing: new stimulation edge in Western Siberia. SPE Russian Oil and Gas Technical Conference and Exhibition, Moscow, 2008, SPE 115558Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Puri, D. Yee, Enhanced Coalbed Methane Recovery. SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, New Orleans, 1990, SPE 20732Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. W. Byrer, H. D. Guthrie, Appalachian coals: potential reservoirs for sequestering carbon dioxide emissions from power plants while enhancing CBM production. Proceedings of the International Coalbed Methane Symposium, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa 1999Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S. Stevens, CO2 injection for enhancing coalbed methane recovery: project screening and design. Proceedings of the 1999 International Coalbed Methane Symposium, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 1999Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. E. Arri, D. Yee, W. D. Morgan, M. W. Jeansonne, Modeling Coalbed Methane Production With Binary Gas Sorption. SPE Rocky Mountain Regional Meeting, Wyoming, 1992, SPE 24363Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C.R. Clarkson, R. M. Bustin, Binary gas adsorption/desorption isotherms: effect of moisture and coal composition upon carbon dioxide selectivity over methane. Int. J. Coal Geol. 42, 241–271 (2000)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y. Fei, J. Zhu, B. Xu, X, Li, M. Gonzalez, M. Haghighi, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 50, 190–198 (2017)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Angarska, C. Stubenrauch, E. Manev, Drainage of foam films stabilized with mixtures of non-ionic surfactants. Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 309, 189–197 (2007)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. Maestro, E. Rio, W. Drenckhan, D. Langvevin, A. Salonen, Foams stabilised by mixtures of nanoparticles and oppositely charged surfactants: relationship between bubble shrinkage and foam coarsening, Soft Matter. 10, 6975–6983 (2014)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R.I. Saye, J.A. Sethian, Multiscale modeling of membrane rearrangement, drainage, and rupture in evolving foams. Science. 340, 720–724 (2013)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Guignot, S. Faure, M. Vignes-Adler, O. Pitois, Liquid and particles retention in foamed suspensions. Chem. Eng. Sci. 65, 2579–2585 (2010)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Wang, A.V. Nguyen, Foam drainage in the presence of solid particles Soft. Matter. 12, 3004–3012 (2016)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Sambasivam, A.V. Sangwai, R. Sureshkumar, Self-assembly of nanoparticle—surfactant complexes with Rodlike Micelles: a molecular dynamics study. Langmuir. 32, 1214–1219 (2016)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Yang, Principle and Application of Surfactants (Southeast University Press, Nanjing, 2012)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    X. Wang, Z. Wang, F. Wang, Y. Lu, Theory and Practice of Carbon Dioxide Foam Fracturing Technology (Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing, 2016)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Z. Yang, J. Han, Q. Fu, X. Li, J. Zhang, Nat. Gas Geosci. 26, 951–957, 985 (2015)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Y. Kondo, N. Yoshino, hybrid fluorocarbon/hydrocarbon surfactants. Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 10, 88–93 (2005)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    T. Yoshimura, A. Ohno, K. Esumi, Equilibrium and dynamic surface tension properties of partially fluorinated quaternary ammonium salt gemini surfactants. Langmuir. 22, 4643–4648 (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaogang Li
    • 1
  • Binyu Xu
    • 1
  • Ping Zhang
    • 2
  • Danqiong Li
    • 2
  • Zhaozhong Yang
    • 1
  • Zhiling Zhou
    • 3
  • Zhichao Song
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and ExploitationSouth West Petroleum UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.China United Coalbed Methane Corporation, LtdBeijingChina
  3. 3.College of Materials and Chemistry & Chemical EngineeringChengdu University of TechnologyChengduChina

Personalised recommendations