Frequency Response of Acoustic Emission to Characterize Particle Dislocations in Sandy Soil

  • Wenli Lin
  • Wuwei Mao
  • Junichi Koseki
  • Ang Liu
Conference paper


The understanding of internal response of particle dislocations is vital to clarify the progressive failure in granular materials. This paper proposes a non-destructive testing method, Acoustic Emission (AE) technology, to characterize the mechanical behavior associated with particle-to-particle sliding and asperity/particle breakage in sand subjected to drained-triaxial compression. Particle dislocations during compression is accompanied by a sudden release of stored strain energy, which could be detected by AE sensors and characterized as elastic waves with different frequency properties. Insights into the correlations of stress-strain and frequency response of AE activities in terms of total, high frequency and low frequency AE event rates are offered, demonstrating that the mechanical behavior of particle dislocations and soil density could be highly characterized by AE activities. Besides, particle dislocations associated with particle-to-particle sliding and asperity/particle breakage is distinguished by high frequency and low frequency AE activities. The result suggested that the frequency response of AE activities is closely related to the failure mode, degree and rate of sand particle dislocations under drained triaxial compression. This technology seems promising as an alternative means to clarify the inter-particle mechanism during progressive failure in sand.


Acoustic emission Frequency response Particle motion Sandy soil 



This study is supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 22120170118), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41602302) and Shanghai Education Commission (Peak Discipline Construction, Grant No. 0200121005/052).


  1. 1.
    Rechenmacher, A.L., Finno, R.J.: Digital image correlation to evaluate shear banding in dilative sands. Geotech. Test. J. 27(1), 13–22 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Alshibli, K.A., Hasan, A.: Spatial variation of void ratio and shear band thickness in sand using X-ray computed tomography. Géotechnique 58(4), 249–257 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lei, X., et al.: Detailed analysis of acoustic emission activity during catastrophic fracture of faults in rock. J. Struct. Geol. 26(2), 247–258 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dixon, N., et al.: Quantification of reactivated landslide behaviour using acoustic emission monitoring. Landslides 12(3), 549–560 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mao, W., et al.: Acoustic emission characteristics of subsoil subjected to vertical pile loading in sand. J. Appl. Geophys. 119, 119–127 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mao, W., et al.: Acoustic Emission Monitoring of Sandy Ground under Sequential Pile Loading.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lin, W., et al.: Acoustic emission response during shear band formation in triaxial compression test on sand. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Summer Symposium, Sendai, Japan (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mao, W., Towhata, I.: Monitoring of single-particle fragmentation process under static loading using acoustic emission. Appl. Acoust. 94, 39–45 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lin, W., et al.: Acoustic Emission Technology to Investigate Internal Micro-Structure Behaviour of Shear Banding in Sands. Advances in Laboratory Testing and Modelling of Soils and Shales. Springer, Cham (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    ASTM E1316-14e1: Standard Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Grosse, C.U., Ohtsu, M. (eds.): Acoustic Emission Testing. Springer Science & Business Media, Heidelberg (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Geological EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina
  3. 3.Department of Geological EngineeringNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina

Personalised recommendations