Effects of Acid and Base Contamination on Geotechnical Properties of Shanghai Remolded Silty Clay

  • Liu Jia-dan
  • Gao Yan-bin
Conference paper


Based on the laboratory tests of shanghai remolded silty clays, the effects with different concentrations of contaminations (HCl, H2SO4, NaOH) on soil plasticity, compressibility and strength characteristics were studied. The results shown that the value of the liquid limit wL, plastic limit wP, plasticity index IP, void ratio e, compression index cc and undrained shear strength cu were all increased with the increasing of concentrations of H2SO4 and NaOH. However, the contrary relationship was obtained for the HCl contaminated soil samples except the compression index cc. All of these phenomena can be explained by the ion-exchange, PH value and soil structure. The relationship between mechanical properties and plasticity parameters (cc~wL and cc~IP) of the contaminated soil samples were presented and compared with the empirical formulas for remolded clays, the results shown that the empirical formulas will underestimate the compressibility of the contaminated soil samples. However, the change of contaminated soil samples structure is not sufficient to change the relationship between cu and liquidity index IL, so the empirical formulas for remolded clay can be approximately predicted the relationship of cu and IL of these contaminated soil samples.


Shanghai remolded silty clay Acid/base contamination Plasticity Mechanical properties Empirical formulas 


  1. Sunil, B., Nayak, S., Shrihari, S.: Effect of pH on the geotechnical properties of laterite. Eng. Geol. 85(1), 197–203 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Gratchev, I., Towhata, I.: Effects of acidic contamination on the geotechnical properties of marine soils in Japan. In: 19th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference, Osaka, Japan, pp. 21–26 (2009)Google Scholar
  3. Adebisi, S., Fayemiwo, K.: Pollution of Ibadan soil by industrial effluents. N. Y. Sci. J. 3(10), 37–41 (2010)Google Scholar
  4. Naeini, S., Jahanfar, M.: Effect of salt solution and plasticity index on undrain shear strength of clays. World Acad. Sci. Eng. Technol. 49, 982–986 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. Reddy, K.R., Hettiarachchi, H., Gangathulasi, J., Bogner, J.E.: Geotechnical properties of municipal solid waster at different phases of biodergradation. Waste Manag. 31(11), 2275–2286 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Zhang, X.L.: Research of polluted soil by salinity-alkalinity. HoHai University (2007)Google Scholar
  7. Liu, H.L., Zhu, C.P., Zhang, X.L.: Study on fundamental engineering properties of polluted soil by acid and alkali. J. Hunan Univ. Sci. Technol. (Nat. Sci. Edit.) 35(11), 39–44 (2008)Google Scholar
  8. Cao, H.R.: Research on physical-mechanical property of soil contaminated by acid in laboratory. J. Hunan Univ. Sci. Technol. (Nat. Sci. Edit.) 22(2), 60–65 (2012)Google Scholar
  9. Prakash, S., Arumairaj, P.D.: Effects of acid and base contamination on geotechnical properties of clay. Int. J. Eng. Res. 4(5), 1440–1444 (2015)Google Scholar
  10. Syiemiong, M.K., Verma, R.: Effects of acid and bases contamination on soil properties in pavement construction. J. Civ. Eng. Technol. 8(4), 1595–1620 (2017)Google Scholar
  11. Khan, M.I., Irfan, M., Aziz, M., et al.: Geotechnical characteristics of effluent contaminated cohesive soils. J. Environ. Eng. Landsc. Manag. 25(1), 75–82 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Lerouil, S., Tavenas, F.: Lebihan, J, P.: Yield stress measurement by a penetration method. Can. Geotech. J. 20, 681–705 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Locat, J., Demers, D.: Viscosity, yield stress, remolded strength, and liquidity index relationships for sensitive clays. Can. Geotech. J. 25, 799–806 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Nakase, A., Kamei, T., Kusakabe, O.: Constitution parameters estimated by plasticity index. J. Geotech. Eng. 114(7), 844–885 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kulhawy, F.H., Mayne, P.W.: Manual on estimating soil properties for foundation design. EPRI Report, Palo Alto (1990)Google Scholar
  16. Nagaraj, T.S., Pandian, N.S., Narasimha Raju, P.S.R.: Stress state-permeability relationships for fine-grained soils. Geotechnique 43(2), 333–336 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Terzaghi, K., Peck, R.B.: Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, 3rd edn. Wiley, New York (1996)Google Scholar
  18. Sridharan, A., Venkatappa, R.G.: Mechanisms controlling the liquid limit of clays the liquid limit of clays. In: Istanbul Conference on SM and FE, pp. 75–84 (1975)Google Scholar
  19. Hansbo, S.: A new approach to the determination of the shear strength of clays by the fall-cone test. Proc. Roy. SGI 14, 7–48 (1957)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geotechnical EngineeringTongji UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations