Joining 304 Stainless Steel and TC4 Alloy Using Ag Foil Interlayer by Plasma Activated Sintering

  • Mei Rao
  • Jian Zhang
  • Jiayu He
  • Guoqiang Luo
  • Shulong Liu
  • Qiang Shen
  • Lianmeng Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Dissimilar metals 304 stainless steel (SS) and TC4 alloy were bonded using Ag foil interlayer by plasma activated sintering. The microstructure, mechanical properties and fracture failure of bonded joints were investigated. When bonding temperature was below 600 °C, the voids appeared at 304 SS/Ag foil interface. As bonding temperature was above 600 °C, the 304 SS/Ag foil/TC4 joints were free of the voids or cracks, and TiAg intermetallic compounds (IMC) nucleated above 600 °C, and grew into TiAg IMC layer at Ag foil/TC4 interface with the increasing of bonding temperature. The joint free of the voids or cracks was successfully obtained at 600 °C, of which the average shear strength was 125 MPa and the fracture failure was the mixture of ductile rupture in Ag and brittle rupture in TiAg IMC. The formation of TiAg IMC layer decreased the bonding strength of joints. Fracture failure mainly occurred at TiAg IMC layer which is typical brittle fracture when bonding temperature was above 650 °C.


Diffusion Ag interlayer Plasma activated sintering Microstructure TiAg IMC 



This work has been supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51572208 and No. 51521001), the 111 Project (No. B13035), the Nature Science Foundation of Hubei Province (No. 2016CFA006), the Joint Fund (No. 6141A02022209) and Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Higher Education Institutions of China (No. KJ2015A314).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mei Rao
    • 1
  • Jian Zhang
    • 1
  • Jiayu He
    • 1
  • Guoqiang Luo
    • 1
  • Shulong Liu
    • 2
  • Qiang Shen
    • 1
  • Lianmeng Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Lab of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and ProcessingWuhan University of TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Physics and Electronic Information/Information CollegeHuaibei Normal UniversityHuaibeiChina

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