Effect of NaOH Concentration on the Microhardness and Corrosion Resistance of Titanium by Acid-Hydrothermal Method

  • Ying Xu
  • Bian Wang
  • Yanqing Cai
  • Zizi Zhang
Conference paper


To enhance the microhardness and corrosion resistance of modified pure titanium, TiO2 nanostructure has been prepared on titanium substrate by acid-hydrothermal method. The morphology of the titanium surface underwent change from nanosheets to nanorods with the increase of NaOH concentration, which was performed by the scanning electron microscope (SEM). A mixture of the anatase TiO2 and rutile TiO2 were formed on the synthesized titanium surface measured by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Microhardness was measured by microhardness tester and the hardness rose sharply and then declined gradually as the increase of NaOH concentration, showing a considerably high hardness value of 361HV with NaOH concentration of 5 M (PAN-5). In addition, the corrosion resistance was examined in SBF by electrochemical methods. The polarization curve demonstrated that the corrosion resistance was optimal when the NaOH concentration was 5 M. Therefore, the hardness and corrosion resistance of titanium, with the appropriate morphology of nanorods, were optimized as the NaOH concentration was 5 M.


Acid-hydrothermal method Surface morphology Microhardness Corrosion resistance 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Material Science and EngineeringNorth China University of Science and TechnologyTangshanChina

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