Stimulating Plant Tolerance Against Abiotic Stress Through Seed Priming

  • Mona Gergis Dawood
Chapter

Abstract

The seed priming process is a physiological method that involves seed hydration (usually within 10–20% of full imbibition) and effective enough for enhancement of seed germination, early seedling growth, and yield under stressed and non-stressed conditions but insufficient to allow radicle protrusion. Primed seeds germinate faster and more uniformly than the non-primed ones. Seed priming is influenced by many factors such as aeration, light, temperature, time, and seed quality and induced a set of biochemical changes in the seed which are required for initiating the germination process. These changes include activation of enzymes, breaking dormancy, metabolism of germination inhibitors, and imbibition. The positive effects of priming on the germination performance of many species are attributed to the induction of biochemical mechanisms of cell repair: the resumption of metabolic activity can restore cellular integrity, through the synthesis of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) and proteins and the improvement of the antioxidant defense system. Several methods of seed priming were successfully used in agriculture for seed conditioning to accelerate the germination rate and improve the seedling uniformity such as seed priming with water (hydropriming), plant growth regulators, beta-aminobutyric acid, 5-aminolevulinic acid, osmoprotectant, melatonin, chitosan, plant extract, polyethylene glycol, and inorganic salts. It is worthy to mention that all these methods showed pronounced effect on germination, seedling growth, and yield of different crops under normal or stress conditions.

Keywords

Seed soaking Plant resistance Abiotic stress Germination quality 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mona Gergis Dawood
    • 1
  1. 1.Botany DepartmentNational Research CentreCairoEgypt

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