An Alternative Method for Soil Characterisation Using Pipe-Jacking Parameters and Spoil Characteristics

  • Wen-chieh Cheng
  • James C. Ni
  • Louis Ge
Conference paper


As only a few boreholes are present along a tunnel design alignment, geological understanding of the worksite may not be adequate and the ability to optimise the tunnelling parameters is thus limited. Since this lack of boreholes will cause a significant potential of geo-hazards for tunnelling works. This study proposes an alternative method to determine the major and other proportions of ground. The variation of the torque of the cutter wheel and sieve residue can be utilised to determine the major ground proportion, whereas the flow rate of the supply line and pressure in the supply and discharge lines, as well as the density of bentonite slurry can be utilised to determine other proportions. The validity of the proposed method is verified by a case study. The proposed method provides an opportunity to better understand the geological structure of worksite, refining the design tunnelling parameters and minimising the potential of geo-hazards.


Torque of cutter wheel Flow rate of supply line Slurry density 


  1. 1.
    Bergeson, W.: Review of long drive microtunneling technology for use on large scale projects. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 39, 66–72 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhen, L., Chen, J.J., Qiao, P., Wang, J.H.: Analysis and remedial treatment of a steel pipe-jacking accident in complex underground environment. Eng. Struct. 59, 210–219 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Shen, S.L., Cui, Q.L., Ho, C.E., Xu, Y.S.: Ground response to multiple parallel microtunneling operations in cemented silty clay and sand. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 142(5), 04016001 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shen, S.L., Wang, Z.F., Yang, J., Ho, E.C.: Generalized approach for prediction of jet grout column diameter. J. Geotech. Geoenviron. Eng. 139(12), 2060–2069 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shen, S.L., Wang, Z.F., Cheng, W.C.: Estimation of lateral displacement induced by jet grouting in clayey soils. Geotech. ICE 67(7), 621–630 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ni, J.C., Cheng, W.C.: Characterising the failure pattern of a station box of Taipei Rapid Transit System (TRTS) and its rehabilitation. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 32, 260–272 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ni, J.C., Cheng, W.C.: Quality control of double fluid jet grouting below groundwater table: case history. Soils Found. 54(6), 1039–1053 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Barla, M., Camusso, M., Aiassa, S.: Analysis of jacking forces during microtunnelling in limestone. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 21(6), 668–683 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sheil, B.B., Curran, B.G., McCabe, B.A.: Experiences of utility microtunnelling in Irish limestone, mudstone and sandstone rock. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 51, 326–337 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Alzabeebee, S., Chapman, D., Jefferson, I., Faramarzi, A.: The response of buried pipes to UK standard traffic loading. Geotech. Eng. ICE Proc. 170(GE1), 38–50 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sadeghioon, A.M., Walton, R., Chapman, D., Metje, N., Anthony, C., Ward, M.: Design and development of a nonintrusive pressure measurement system for pipeline monitoring. J. Pipeline Syst. Eng. Pract. 5(3), 04014001 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cheng, W.C., Ni, J.C., Shen, S.L., Huang, H.W.: Investigation of factors affecting jacking force: a case study. Geotech. Eng. ICE Proc. 170(GE4), 322–334 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cheng, W.C., Ni, J.C., Arulrajah, A., Huang, H.W.: A simple approach for characterising tunnel bore conditions based upon pipe-jacking data. Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 71, 494–504 (2018)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cheng, W.C., Ni, J.C., Cheng, Y.H.: Alternative shoring for mitigation of pier foundation excavation disturbance to existing freeway. J. Perform. Constr. Facil. 31(5), 04017072 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ni, J.C., Cheng, W.C.: Shield machine disassembly in grouted soils outside the ventilation shaft: a case history in Taipei Rapid Transit System (TRTS). Tunn. Undergr. Space Technol. 26(2), 435–443 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ni, J.C., Cheng, W.C., Ge, L.: A case history of field pumping tests in a deep gravel formation in the Taipei Basin Taiwan. Eng. Geol. 117(1–2), 17–28 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ni, J.C., Cheng, W.C., Ge, L.: A simple data reduction method for pumping tests with tidal, partial penetration, and storage effects. Soils Found. 53(6), 894–902 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Tunnel and Underground Structure Engineering, School of Civil EngineeringXi’an University of Architecture and TechnologyShaanxiChina
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Taipei University of TechnologyTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations