Effective Material Moduli for Composites

  • Holm Altenbach
  • Johannes Altenbach
  • Wolfgang Kissing


Composite materials have at least two different material components which are bonded. The material response of a composite is determined by the material moduli of all constituents, the volume or mass fractions of the single constituents in the composite material, by the quality of their bonding, i.e. of the behavior of the interfaces, and by the arrangement and distribution of the fibre reinforcement, i.e. the fibre architecture.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holm Altenbach
    • 1
  • Johannes Altenbach
    • 2
  • Wolfgang Kissing
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für MechanikOtto-von-Guericke-Universität MagdeburgMagdeburgGermany
  2. 2.MagdeburgGermany
  3. 3.Bad KleinenGermany

Personalised recommendations