The Rise of Organic Agriculture in the Philippines and its Development

  • Bao Maohong
Part of the Asia in Transition book series (AT, volume 7)


This chapter examines organic agriculture as a definite alternative to industrial forms of agriculture in the Philippines. It argues that its mainstreaming depends on the complex and difficult reconstruction of socioeconomic relations and the political system of the country. In recent years, organic agriculture in the Philippines has become an emergent market integrating into the national economy. In 1980s, the green revolution was proclaimed a failure due to its economic unsustainability and negative impact on the environment. From this and through a combination of the rise of the international organic agriculture movement and the reinvention of traditional Philippine agriculture, organic agriculture has come to play a role as an alternative form of agricultural development. This chapter argues that the conscious development of organic agriculture is a response to the failures of the present agricultural structure and offers a potentially economically viable alternative to rehabilitate degraded arable land.


Philippines Organic agriculture Green revolution Industrial agriculture International federation of organic agriculture movements (IFOAMNational organic agriculture program (NOAP


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.History DepartmentPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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