Work-Integrated Learning in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Diversity, Biculturalism and Industry-Led

  • S. ChanEmail author
  • B. Beatty
  • D. Chilvers
  • L. Davies
  • A. Hollingworth
  • I. Jamieson
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 29)


Work-integrated learning (WIL) modules are a key component of vocational education programmes. In New Zealand, graduate profiles for completion of Bachelor degrees include ensuring students learn skills in preparation for ‘work readiness’. The term ‘work readiness’, as used in graduate profile statements, refers to the combination of occupationally required skills, applied knowledge and dispositions and a range of inter-relational and citizenship features integrated within a unique New Zealand bicultural context. Hence, WIL components in Bachelor degree programmes include learning outcomes encompassing a range of skills which ideally should be completed through engagement with authentic work environments.

In this chapter, the diversity of WIL approaches within one polytechnic in New Zealand is presented. Programmes represented include broadcasting, business management, midwifery, nursing and social work. Each programme, informed by discipline-related pedagogical approaches, has structured WIL in different ways to meet industry, organisational and/or professional registration needs. The authors describe the sociocultural-historical origins of various programme approaches and illuminate their WIL structures. Additionally, case study theory building techniques are used to generate commonalities and good practice across the range of WIL approaches. Through the case study theory building process, shared challenges are also identified and discussed. Salient programme-based WIL features specific to industry or pedagogical philosophies are identified, discussed and evaluated. The perspectives of vocational education and training (VET) practitioners are drawn on to provide recommendations and guidelines to ensure WIL affords the best opportunities for students’ attainment of enhanced work readiness.


Work-integrated learning Broadcasting internship Business degree capstone project Nursing degree work-integrated learning Social work degree work placements Biculturalism in work-integrated learning New Zealand polytechnic work-integrated learning Curriculum design 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Chan
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • B. Beatty
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Chilvers
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Davies
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Hollingworth
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. Jamieson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Ara Institute of Canterbury (formerly Christchurch Polytechnic Institute of Technology (CPIT)ChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.Bethlehem Tertiary InstituteTaurangaNew Zealand

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