TISCO During the Decade of the 1900s: The Formation Period

  • Chikayoshi Nomura
Part of the Studies in Economic History book series (SEH)


Growing market integration, improving institutional setting, and changes in government economic policy during the 19th century were important developments in the founding of the first full-fledged iron and steel maker in colonial India, the Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO). This chapter will cover TISCO during its formation in the first decade of the 20th century by focusing on the two aspects of the procurement of necessary inputs and the realization of corporate structure.


  1. Amatori, F., & Colli, A. (2011). Business history: Complexities and comparisons. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  2. Bagchi, A. (1972). Private investment in India, 1900–1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bagchi, A. (1997). The evolution of the state bank of India: The era of the presidency banks, 1876–1920. New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  4. Bahl, V. (1995). The making of the Indian working class: A case of the Tata Iron and Steel Company, 1880–1946. New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  5. Basu, S. (2004). Does class matter? Colonial capital and workers’ resistance in Bengal, 1890–1937. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Bear, L. (2007). Lines of the nation: Indian railway workers, bureaucracy, and the intimate historical self. New York: Columbia University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Camp, J. M., & Francis, C. B. (1940). The making, shaping and treating of steel (5th ed.). Rewritten by C. B. Francis, Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation. Pittsburgh, Pa: Carnegie-Illinois Steel Corporation.Google Scholar
  8. Cassis, Y. (2009). Big business. In Geoffrey Jones & Jonathan Zeitlin (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of business history. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Chakrabarty, D. (1989). Rethinking working-class history: Bengal, 1890–1940. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Chandavarkar, R. (1994). The origins of industrial capitalism in India: Business strategies and the working classes in Bombay, 1900–1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Chandavarkar, R. (2007). The war on the shopfloor. In R. P. Behal & M. van der Linden (Eds.), India’s labouring poor: Historical studies, c.1600-c.2000. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Datta, S. B. (1990). Capital accumulation and workers’ struggle in Indian industrialization: The case of Tata Iron and Steel Company, 1910–1970. Calcutta: K.P. Bagchi.Google Scholar
  13. Dutta, M. (1977). Jamshedpur: The growth of the city and its regions. Calcutta: Asiatic Society.Google Scholar
  14. Elwin, V. (1958). The story of Tata steel. Bombay: Commercial Printing Press.Google Scholar
  15. Fraser, L. (1919). Iron and steel in India: A chapter from the life of Jamshedji N. Tata. Bombay: Times Press.Google Scholar
  16. Ghosh, M. (1973). Our struggle: A short history of trade union movement in TISCO industry at Jamshedpur. Calcutta: Firma K. L. Mukhopadhyay.Google Scholar
  17. Gospel, H. (2009). The management of labor and human resources. In Geoffrey Jones & Jonathan Zeitlin (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of business history. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Government of India. (1918). Large industrial establishments in India. Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing.Google Scholar
  19. Government of India. (1926). Report of the state railways workshops committee. Calcutta: Government of India, Central Publication Branch.Google Scholar
  20. Gupta, B. (2014). Discrimination or social networks? Industrial investment in colonial India. The Journal of Economic History, 74(1).Google Scholar
  21. Gupta, B. (2016). The rise of modern industry in colonial India. In L. Chaudhary, B. Gupta, T. Roy, & A. Swamy (Eds.), A new economic history of colonial India. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Harris, F. R. (1958). Jamsetji Nusserwanji Tata: A chronicle of his life. Bombay: Blackie.Google Scholar
  23. Johnson, W. (1966). The steel industry of India. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lala, R. (1981). The creation of wealth: A Tata story. Bombay: IBH Publishing.Google Scholar
  25. Lala, R. (1984). The heartbeat of a trust: Fifty years of the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  26. Lala, R. (1992). Beyond the last blue mountain: A biography of J.R.D. Tata. New Delhi: Penguin India.Google Scholar
  27. Lala, R. (1995). The joy of achievement: Conversations with J.R.D. Tata. New Delhi: Viking.Google Scholar
  28. Lala, R. (2004). For the love of India: The life and times of Jamsetji Tata. New Delhi: Viking.Google Scholar
  29. Lala, R. (2007). The romance of Tata Steel. New Delhi: Viking.Google Scholar
  30. Lamoreaux, N. R., Raff, D. M., & Temin, P. (2009). Economic theory and business history. In Geoffrey Jones & Jonathan Zeitlin (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of business history. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  31. Lokanathan, P. S. (1935). Industrial organization in India. London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  32. Mahon, R. H. (1899). A report upon the manufacture of iron and steel in India. Simla: Government of Central Printing Press.Google Scholar
  33. Markovits, C. (1985). Indian business and nationalist politics 1931–39: The indigenous capitalist class and the rise of the Congress Party. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Morris, M. D. (1965). The emergence of an industrial labor force in India: A study of the Bombay cotton mills, 1854–1947. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  35. Morris, M. D. (1983). The growth of large-scale industry to 1947. In D. Kumar & M. Desai (Eds.), Cambridge economic history of India (Vol. 2). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Morris, M. D. (1987). Indian industry and business in the age of laizzes-faire. In D. Tripathi (Ed.), State and business in India. Manohar: New Delhi.Google Scholar
  37. Nomura, C. (2010). Development of labour management system of Industrial Enterprise in Colonial India: A case study of the Tata Iron and Steel Company. International Journal of South Asian Studies, 3.Google Scholar
  38. Nomura, C. (2014). The origin of the controlling power of managing agents over modern business corporations in Colonial India. The Indian Economic and Social History Review, 51(1).Google Scholar
  39. Place, Siddons, and Gough (Private) Ltd. Investor’s India yearbook. Bombay: Orient Longmans.Google Scholar
  40. Perin, C. P., & Weld, C. M. (1905). Perin and Weld report, stored at Tata Steel Archives.Google Scholar
  41. Radhakrishna, B. P. (1997). Pramatha Nath Bose (1855–1934). Current Science, 72(3).Google Scholar
  42. Samant, D. R., & Mulky, M. A. (1937). Organisation and finance of industries in India. Calcutta: Longmans, Green.Google Scholar
  43. Sen, S. K. (1975). The house of Tata, 1839–1939. Calcutta: Progressive Publishers.Google Scholar
  44. Simmons, C. P. (1977). Vertical integration and the Indian steel industry: The colliery establishment of the Tata iron and steel company, 1907–56. Modern Asian Studies, 11(1).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Spiegelman, R. G. (1960). Protection in India during the interwar period: With special reference to the steel industry. Ph.D. diss., Colombia University.Google Scholar
  46. Thacker’s Directories. (1919). Thacker’s Bombay directory, city and island: Together with a directory of the chief industries of Bombay. Calcutta: Thacker’s Directories Limited.Google Scholar
  47. TISCO. (1937). TISCO review, 5(4), stored at Tata Steel Archives.Google Scholar
  48. TISCO. (1938). Answers to the labour enquiry committee questionnaire, Bihar. Bombay: Tata Iron and Steel Company Ltd.Google Scholar
  49. TISCO. (1960). Staff training department break new ground. Supervisors’ News Letter, 5(5), stored at Tata Steel Archives.Google Scholar
  50. TISCO. Annual report of TISCO, stored at Tata Steel Archives.Google Scholar
  51. Wacha, D. (1914). The life and life work of J. N. Tata. Madras: Ganesh.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Literature and Human SciencesOsaka City UniversityOsakaJapan

Personalised recommendations