Sustainable Wastewater Treatment Methods for Textile Industry

  • Aravin Prince Periyasamy
  • Sunil Kumar Ramamoorthy
  • Samson Rwawiire
  • Yan Zhao
Chapter
Part of the Textile Science and Clothing Technology book series (TSCT)

Abstract

All over the world, environmental considerations are now becoming vital factors during the selection of consumer goods which include textiles. According to the World Bank, 20% of water pollution globally is caused by textile processing, which means that these industries produce vast amounts of wastewater. Generally, these effluents contain high levels of suspended solids (SS), phosphates, dyes, salts, organo-pesticides, non-biodegradable organics, and heavy metals. Increase in water scarcity and environmental regulations has led to textile industries to seek for sustainable wastewater treatment methods which help to reduce their water footprint as well as reduce their operational costs. Therefore, sustainable wastewater treatment could be the best choice for the textile industries with respect to the current issues. So, it is important to discuss and champion awareness mechanisms which help to reduce the current issues with respect to the textile wastewater. Therefore, this chapter intends to discuss the various sustainable wastewater treatments, namely granular activated carbon (GAC), electrocoagulation (EC), ultrasonic treatment, an advanced oxidation process (AOP), ozonation, membrane biological reactor (MBR), and sequencing batch reactor (SBR).

Keywords

Wastewater Effluent Textile industry Electrocoagulation Water pollution Pollution Membrane bioreactor Ultrafiltration Activated carbon and sustainability 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aravin Prince Periyasamy
    • 1
  • Sunil Kumar Ramamoorthy
    • 2
  • Samson Rwawiire
    • 3
  • Yan Zhao
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringTechnical University of LiberecLiberecCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BorasBorasSweden
  3. 3.Department of Textile and Ginning EngineeringBusitema UniversityTororoUganda
  4. 4.College of Textile and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

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