Sustainable Wastewater Treatment Methods for Textile Industry

  • Aravin Prince PeriyasamyEmail author
  • Sunil Kumar Ramamoorthy
  • Samson Rwawiire
  • Yan Zhao
Part of the Textile Science and Clothing Technology book series (TSCT)


All over the world, environmental considerations are now becoming vital factors during the selection of consumer goods which include textiles. According to the World Bank, 20% of water pollution globally is caused by textile processing, which means that these industries produce vast amounts of wastewater. Generally, these effluents contain high levels of suspended solids (SS), phosphates, dyes, salts, organo-pesticides, non-biodegradable organics, and heavy metals. Increase in water scarcity and environmental regulations has led to textile industries to seek for sustainable wastewater treatment methods which help to reduce their water footprint as well as reduce their operational costs. Therefore, sustainable wastewater treatment could be the best choice for the textile industries with respect to the current issues. So, it is important to discuss and champion awareness mechanisms which help to reduce the current issues with respect to the textile wastewater. Therefore, this chapter intends to discuss the various sustainable wastewater treatments, namely granular activated carbon (GAC), electrocoagulation (EC), ultrasonic treatment, an advanced oxidation process (AOP), ozonation, membrane biological reactor (MBR), and sequencing batch reactor (SBR).


Wastewater Effluent Textile industry Electrocoagulation Water pollution Pollution Membrane bioreactor Ultrafiltration Activated carbon and sustainability 


  1. 1.
    ONU (2017) World population to hit 9.8 billion by 2050, despite nearly universal lower fertility rates—UN. 2015–2017Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Muthu SS (2014) Ways of measuring the environmental impact of textile processing: an overview. In: Assessing environment impact textile clothing supply chain. Elsevier, pp 32–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Karthik T, Gopalakrishnan D (2015) Roadmap to sustainable textiles and clothing. In: Muthu SS (ed) Roadmap to sustainable textile clothing environment social aspect textile clothing supply chain. Springer, Singapore, pp 153–188Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chequer FMD, de Oliveira GAR, Ferraz ERA et al (2013) Textile dyes: dyeing process and environmental impact. In: Günay M (ed) Eco-friendly textile dyeing. Finish. pp 151–176Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hauser PJ (2000) Reducing pollution and energy requirements in cotton dyeing. Text Chem Color Am Dyest Rep 32:44–48Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Periyasamy AP, Duraisamy G (2018) Carbon footprint on denim manufacturing. In: Martínez LMT, Kharissova OV, Kharisov BI (eds) Handbook of Ecomaterials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 1–18Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Periyasamy AP, Dhurai B, Thangamani K (2011) Salt-free dyeing—a new method of dyeing on lyocell/cotton blended fabrics with reactive dyes. Autex Res J 11:14–17. Scholar
  8. 8.
    Periyasamy AP, Venkatesan H (2018) Eco-materials in textile finishing. In: Martínez LMT, Kharissova OV, Kharisov BI (eds) Handbook of Ecomaterials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 1–22Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Periyasamy AP, Vikova M, Vik M (2017) A review of photochromism in textiles and its measurement. Text Prog 49:53–136. Scholar
  10. 10.
    Periyasamy AP (2016) Effect of PVAmHCl pre-treatment on the properties of modal fabric dyed with reactive dyes: an approach for salt free dyeing. J Text Sci Eng 6(262):1–9.
  11. 11.
    US EPA O (2016) Effluent guidelines. Environ Prot Agency 15–19Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Central Pollution control board (2010) Standards for effluents from textile industry. Environ Rules 1986 1–16.
  13. 13.
    Shabbir M, Mohammad F (2017) Sustainable production of regenerated cellulosic fibres. In: Muthu SS (eds) Sustainable fibres textiles. Woodhead Publishing, Sawston, pp 171–189 Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Chen J (2014) Synthetic textile fibers: regenerated cellulose fibers. In: Sinclair R (ed) Textile fashion materials design technology. Woodhead Publishing, Sawston, pp 79–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    El-Halwagi MM (1997) Synthesis of reactive mass-exchange networks, pollution prevention through process integration. Academic Press, San Diego, pp 191–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Abdel-Halim ES (2012) Simple and economic bleaching process for cotton fabric. Carbohydr Polym 88:1233–1238. Scholar
  17. 17.
    Imran MA, Hussain T, Memon MH, Abdul Rehman MM (2015) Sustainable and economical one-step desizing, scouring and bleaching method for industrial scale pretreatment of woven fabrics. J Clean Prod 108:494–502. Scholar
  18. 18.
    Khatri A, Peerzada MH, Mohsin M, White M (2015) A review on developments in dyeing cotton fabrics with reactive dyes for reducing effluent pollution. J Clean Prod 87:50–57. Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vigneswaran C, Ananthasubramanian M, Kandhavadivu P et al (2014) 5—enzymes in textile effluents. In: Vigneswaran C, Ananthasubramanian M, Kandhavadivu P (eds) Bioprocessing textiles. Woodhead Publishing, New Delhi, pp 251–298Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Khatri A, White M (2015) Sustainable dyeing technologies. In: Blackburn R (ed) Sustainable apparel production processing recycling. Woodhead Publishing, Sawston, pp 135–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kumar PS, Narayan AS, Dutta A (2017) Textiles and clothing sustainability. In: Muthu SS (ed) Textile clothing sustainable textile science clothing technology. Springer, Singapore, pp 57–96Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    (1998) Dye and pigment manufacturing industry—pollution prevention guidelines. Accessed 6 Dec 2017
  23. 23.
    Periyasamy AP, Ramamoorthy SK, Lavate SS (2018) Eco-friendly Denim Processing. In: Martínez LMT, Kharissova OV, Kharisov BI (eds) Handbook of Ecomaterials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 1–21Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Periyasamy AP, Rwahwire S, Zhao Y (2018) Environmental Friendly Textile Processing. In: Martínez LMT, Kharissova OV, Kharisov BI (eds) Handbook of Ecomaterials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 1–38Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Venkatesan H, Periyasamy AP (2017) Eco-fibers in the textile industry. In: Martínez LMT, Kharissova OV, Kharisov BI (eds) Handbook of Ecomaterials. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 1–21Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Periyasamy AP, Militky J (2017) Denim and consumers’ phase of life cycle. In: Muthu SS (ed) Sustainability Denim. Woodhead Publishing Limited, U.K, pp 257–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Periyasamy AP, Wiener J, Militky J (2017) Life-cycle assessment of denim. In: Muthu SS (ed) Sustainability Denim. Woodhead Publishing Limited, U.K, pp 83–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Periyasamy AP, Militky J (2017) Denim processing and health hazards. In: Muthu SS (ed) Sustainability Denim. Woodhead Publishing Limited, U.K, pp 161–196CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Viková M, Periyasamy AP, Vik M, Ujhelyiová A (2017) Effect of drawing ratio on difference in optical density and mechanical properties of mass colored photochromic polypropylene filaments. J Text Inst 108:1365–1370.
  30. 30.
    Gähr F, Hermanutz F, Oppermann W (1994) Ozonation- an important technique to comly with new German laws for textile waste-water treatment. Water Sci Technol 30:255–263Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Aljeboree AM, Alshirifi AN, Alkaim AF (2017) Kinetics and equilibrium study for the adsorption of textile dyes on coconut shell activated carbon. Arab J Chem 10:S3381–S3393. Scholar
  32. 32.
    Wang W, Deng S, Li D et al (2018) Sorption behavior and mechanism of organophosphate flame retardants on activated carbons. Chem Eng J 332:286–292. Scholar
  33. 33.
    Kismir Y, Aroguz AZ (2011) Adsorption characteristics of the hazardous dye brilliant green on Sakli{dotless}kent mud. Chem Eng J 172:199–206. Scholar
  34. 34.
    Khaled A, El Nemr A, El-Sikaily A, Abdelwahab O (2009) Treatment of artificial textile dye effluent containing direct yellow 12 by orange peel carbon. Desalination 238:210–232. Scholar
  35. 35.
    Koltuniewicz AB (2017) Process intensification: definition and application to membrane processes. In: Figoli A, Criscuoli A (eds) Sustainable membrane technology water wastewater treatment. Springer, Singapore, pp 67–96Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Cho J, Ramínez JAL, Shon HK et al (2012) Sustainable water treatment sustainability/sustainable water treatment using nanofiltration and tight ultrafiltration membranes. In: Meyers RA (ed) Encyclopedia sustainability science technology. Springer, New York, pp 10530–10542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mauskar JM (2007) Advance methods for treatment of textile industry effleunts. Cent Pollut Control Board-India 1–137.
  38. 38.
    Mamigonyan RA, Gutin YV (2003) Creation of a new generation of micro- and ultra-filtration units for separation of aggressive waste water. Chem Pet Eng 39:442–445. Scholar
  39. 39.
    Metz S, Gawad S, Trautmann C et al (2002) Polyimide-based microfluidic devices with nanoporous membranes for filtration and separation of particles and molecules. In: Baba Y, Shoji S, van den Berg A (eds) Micro total analysis systems 2002. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 727–729Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Bhave RR, Guibaud J, Rumeau R (1991) Inorganic membranes for the filtration of water, wastewater treatment and process industry filtration applications. In: Bhave RR (ed) Inorganic membrane synthesis characteristics application. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 275–299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Cséfalvay E, Imre P, Mizsey P (2008) Applicability of nanofiltration and reverse osmosis for the treatment of wastewater of different origin. Open Chem 6:277–283. Scholar
  42. 42.
    Delyannis A, Delyannis E-E (1980) Other applications of reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration. In: Delyannis A, Delyannis E-E (eds) Seawater desalt. Springer, Berlin, pp 160–168Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Singh KP, Mohan D, Sinha S et al (2003) Color removal from wastewater using low-cost activated carbon derived from agricultural waste material. Ind Eng Chem Res 42:1965–1976. Scholar
  44. 44.
    Malik PK (2004) Dye removal from wastewater using activated carbon developed from sawdust: adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. J Hazard Mater 113:81–88. Scholar
  45. 45.
    Sulaymon AH, Abood WM (2014) Removal of reactive yellow dye by adsorption onto activated carbon using simulated wastewater. Desalin Water Treat 52:3421–3431. Scholar
  46. 46.
    Qiu M, Huang C (2015) Removal of dyes from aqueous solution by activated carbon from sewage sludge of the municipal wastewater treatment plant. Desalin Water Treat 53:3641–3648. Scholar
  47. 47.
    Acharya J, Sahu JN, Mohanty CR, Meikap BC (2009) Removal of lead (II) from wastewater by activated carbon developed from <i> Tamarind wood </i> by zinc chloride activation. Chem Eng J 149:249–262. Scholar
  48. 48.
    Tsai WT, Chang CY, Lin MC et al (2001) Characterization of activated carbons prepared from sugarcane bagasse by zncl 2 activation. J Environ Sci Heal Part B 36:365–378. Scholar
  49. 49.
    Namasivayam C, Kavitha D (2002) Removal of Congo Red from water by adsorption onto activated carbon prepared from coir pith, an agricultural solid waste. Dye Pigm 54:47–58. Scholar
  50. 50.
    Ahmad MA, Rahman NK (2011) Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic of Remazol Brilliant Orange 3R dye adsorption on coffee husk-based activated carbon. Chem Eng J 170:154–161. Scholar
  51. 51.
    Özhan A, Şahin Ö, Küçük MM, Saka C (2014) Preparation and characterization of activated carbon from pine cone by microwave-induced ZnCl2 activation and its effects on the adsorption of methylene blue. Cellulose 21:2457–2467. Scholar
  52. 52.
    Moreno-Piraján JC, Garcia-Cuello VS, Giraldo L (2011) The removal and kinetic study of Mn, Fe, Ni and Cu ions from wastewater onto activated carbon from coconut shells. Adsorption 17:505–514. Scholar
  53. 53.
    Senthilkumaar S, Kalaamani P, Subburaam CV (2006) Liquid phase adsorption of crystal violet onto activated carbons derived from male flowers of coconut tree. J Hazard Mater 136:800–808. Scholar
  54. 54.
    Astashkina OV, Bogdan NF, Lysenko AA, Kuvaeva EP (2008) Production of activated carbon fibres by solid-phase (chemical) activation. Fibre Chem 40:179–185. Scholar
  55. 55.
    Osintsev KV, Osintsev VV, Dzhundubaev AK et al (2013) The production of activated carbon using the equipment of thermal power plants and heating plants. Therm Eng 60:583–590. Scholar
  56. 56.
    Zhang ZJ, Cui P, Chen XY, Liu JW (2013) The production of activated carbon from cation exchange resin for high-performance supercapacitor. J Solid State Electrochem 17:1749–1758. Scholar
  57. 57.
    Tang S, Yuan D, Zhang Q et al (2016) Fe-Mn bi-metallic oxides loaded on granular activated carbon to enhance dye removal by catalytic ozonation. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23:18800–18808. Scholar
  58. 58.
    Hung Y-T, Lo HH, Wang LK et al (2005) Granular activated carbon adsorption. In: Wang LK, Hung Y-T, Shammas NK (eds) Physicochemical treatment process. Humana Press, Totowa, pp 573–633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Lourenço ND, Franca RDG, Moreira MA et al (2015) Comparing aerobic granular sludge and flocculent sequencing batch reactor technologies for textile wastewater treatment. Biochem Eng J 104:57–63. Scholar
  60. 60.
    Belaid KD, Kacha S, Kameche M, Derriche Z (2013) Adsorption kinetics of some textile dyes onto granular activated carbon. J Environ Chem Eng 1:496–503. Scholar
  61. 61.
    Zeng Q, Hao T, Mackey HR et al (2017) Alkaline textile wastewater biotreatment: a sulfate-reducing granular sludge based lab-scale study. J Hazard Mater 332:104–111. Scholar
  62. 62.
    Peláez-Cid A-A, Herrera-González A-M, Salazar-Villanueva M, Bautista-Hernández A (2016) Elimination of textile dyes using activated carbons prepared from vegetable residues and their characterization. J Environ Manage 181:269–278. Scholar
  63. 63.
    Abou-Elela SI, Ali MEM, Ibrahim HS (2016) Combined treatment of retting flax wastewater using Fenton oxidation and granular activated carbon. Arab J Chem 9:511–517. Scholar
  64. 64.
    Wang LK, Shammas NK, Williford C et al (2006) Evaporation processes. In: Wang LK, Shammas NK, Hung Y-T (eds) Advanced physicochemical treatment process. Humana Press, Totowa, pp 549–579CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Pletcher D, Walsh FC (1993) Water purification, effluent treatment and recycling of industrial process streams. In: Pletcher D, Walsh FC (eds) Industrial electrochemistry. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 331–384Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Srithar K, Mani A (2006) Studies on solar flat plate collector evaporation systems for tannery effluent (soak liquor). J Zhejiang Univ A 7:1870–1877. Scholar
  67. 67.
    Sarayu K, Sandhya S (2012) Current technologies for biological treatment of textile wastewater-a review. Appl Biochem Biotechnol 167:645–661. Scholar
  68. 68.
    Ranganathan K, Karunagaran K, Sharma DC (2007) Recycling of wastewaters of textile dyeing industries using advanced treatment technology and cost analysis—case studies. Resour Conserv Recycl 50:306–318. Scholar
  69. 69.
    Vik EA, Carlson DA, Eikum AS, Gjessing ET (1984) Electrocoagulation of potable water. Water Res 18:1355–1360. Scholar
  70. 70.
    Matteson MJ, Dobson RL, Glenn RW et al (1995) Electrocoagulation and separation of aqueous suspensions of ultrafine particles. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 104:101–109. Scholar
  71. 71.
    Kabdaşlı I, Arslan-Alaton I, Ölmez-Hancı T, Tünay O (2012) Electrocoagulation applications for industrial wastewaters: a critical review. Environ Technol Rev 1:2–45. Scholar
  72. 72.
    Barrera-Díaz C, Bilyeu B, Roa G, Bernal-Martinez L (2011) Physicochemical aspects of electrocoagulation. Sep Purif Rev 40:1–24. Scholar
  73. 73.
    Liu H, Zhao X, Qu J (2010) Electrocoagulation in water treatment. In: Comninellis C, Chen G (eds) Electrochemistry environmental. Springer, New York, pp 245–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Van der Bruggen B, Canbolat ÇB, Lin J, Luis P (2017) The potential of membrane technology for treatment of textile wastewater. In: Figoli A, Criscuoli A (eds) Sustainable membrane technology water wastewater treatment. Springer, Singapore, pp 349–380Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Sahu O, Mazumdar B, Chaudhari PK (2014) Treatment of wastewater by electrocoagulation: a review. Environ Sci Pollut Res 21:2397–2413. Scholar
  76. 76.
    Islam SMD-U (2017) Electrocoagulation (EC) technology for wastewater treatment and pollutants removal. Sustain Water Resour Manag. Scholar
  77. 77.
    Yuksel E, Eyvaz M, Gurbulak E (2013) Electrochemical treatment of colour index reactive orange 84 and textile wastewater by using stainless steel and iron electrodes. Environ Prog Sustain Energy 32:60–68. Scholar
  78. 78.
    Khandegar V, Saroha AK (2014) Electrochemical treatment of textile effluent containing acid red 131 dye. J Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste 18:38–44. Scholar
  79. 79.
    Patel UD, Ruparelia JP, Patel MU (2011) Electrocoagulation treatment of simulated floor-wash containing reactive Black 5 using iron sacrificial anode. J Hazard Mater 197:128–136. Scholar
  80. 80.
    Can OT, Bayramoglu M, Kobya M (2003) Decolorization of reactive dye solutions by electrocoagulation using aluminum electrodes. Ind Eng Chem Res 42:3391–3396. Scholar
  81. 81.
    Phalakornkule C, Polgumhang S, Tongdaung W (2009) Performance of an electrocoagulation process in treating direct dye: batch and continuous upflow processes. World Acad Sci Eng Technol 3:267–272Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Daneshvar N, Sorkhabi HA, Kasiri M (2004) De-colourisation of dye containing acid red 14 by electrocoagulation with comparartive investigation of different electrode connections. J Hazard Mater 112:55–62. doi: Scholar
  83. 83.
    Fernandes A, Morão A, Magrinho M, Lopes A, Goncalves I (2004) Electrochemical degradation of C. I. Acid orange 7. Dye Pigm 61:287–296. doi:
  84. 84.
    Merzouk B, Gourich B, Madani K et al (2011) Removal of a disperse red dye from synthetic wastewater by chemical coagulation and continuous electrocoagulation. A comparative study. Desalination 272:246–253. Scholar
  85. 85.
    Mollah MYA, Morkovsky P, Gomes JAG et al (2004) Present and future perspectives of electrocoagulation. J Hazard Mater 114:199–210. Scholar
  86. 86.
    Khandegar V, Saroha AK (2013) Electrocoagulation for the treatment of textile industry effluent—a review. J Environ Manage 128:949–963. Scholar
  87. 87.
    Bayramoglu M, Kobya M, Can OT, Sozbir M (2004) Operating cost analysis of electroagulation of textile dye wastewater. Sep Purif Technol 37:117–125. Scholar
  88. 88.
    Fajardo AS, Martins RC, Silva DR et al (2017) Dye wastewaters treatment using batch and recirculation flow electrocoagulation systems. J Electroanal Chem 801:30–37. Scholar
  89. 89.
    Nasrullah M, Singh L, Krishnan S et al (2017) Electrode design for electrochemical cell to treat palm oil mill effluent by electrocoagulation process. Environ Technol Innov. Scholar
  90. 90.
    Zakaria Z, Naje AS (2016) Electrocoagulation by rotated anode: a novel reactor design for textile wastewater treatment. J Environ Manage 176:34–44. Scholar
  91. 91.
    Kuroda Y, Kawada Y, Takahashi T et al (2003) Effect of electrode shape on discharge current and performance with barrier discharge type electrostatic precipitaor. J Electrostat 57:407–415. Scholar
  92. 92.
    Nielsen NF, Andersson C (2009) Electrode shape and collector plate spacing effects on ESP performance. In: Yan K (ed) Electrostatic precipitator. Springer, Berlin, pp 111–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Mansoorian HJ, Mahvi AH, Jafari AJ (2014) Removal of lead and zinc from battery industry wastewater using electrocoagulation process: influence of direct and alternating current by using iron and stainless steel rod electrodes. Sep Purif Technol 135:165–175. Scholar
  94. 94.
    Eyvaz M, Kirlaroglu M, Aktas TS, Yuksel E (2009) The effects of alternating current electrocoagulation on dye removal from aqueous solutions. Chem Eng J 153:16–22. Scholar
  95. 95.
    Vasudevan S, Lakshmi J (2011) Effects of alternating and direct current in electrocoagulation process on the removal of cadmium from water—a novel approach. Sep Purif Technol 80:643–651. Scholar
  96. 96.
    Verma SK, Khandegar V, Saroha AK (2013) Removal of chromium from electroplating industry effluent using electrocoagulation. J Hazard Toxic Radioact Waste 17:146–152. Scholar
  97. 97.
    Modirshahla N, Behnajady MA, Mohammadi-Aghdam S (2008) Investigation of the effect of different electrodes and their connections on the removal efficiency of 4-nitrophenol from aqueous solution by electrocoagulation. J Hazard Mater 154:778–786. Scholar
  98. 98.
    Aoudj S, Khelifa A, Drouiche N et al (2010) Electrocoagulation process applied to wastewater containing dyes from textile industry. Chem Eng Process Process Intensif 49:1176–1182. Scholar
  99. 99.
    Kobya M, Demirbas E, Can OT, Bayramoglu M (2006) Treatment of levafix orange textile dye solution by electrocoagulation. J Hazard Mater 132:183–188. Scholar
  100. 100.
    Rege MA, Bhojani SH, Tock RW, Narayan RS (1991) Advanced oxidation processes for destruction of dissolved organics in process wastewater: statistical design of experiments. Ind Eng Chem Res 30:2583–2586. Scholar
  101. 101.
    Deng Y, Zhao R (2015) Advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in wastewater treatment. Curr Pollut Rep 1:167–176. Scholar
  102. 102.
    Snider EH, Porter JJ (1974) Ozone treatment of dye waste. J Water Pollut Control Fed 46:886–894Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Demirev A, Nenov V (2005) Ozonation of two acidic azo dyes with different substituents. Ozone Sci Eng 27:475–485. Scholar
  104. 104.
    Selcuk H (2005) Decolorization and detoxification of textile wastewater by ozonation and coagulation processes. Dye Pigment 64:217–222. Scholar
  105. 105.
    Liakou S, Kornaros M, Lyberatos G (1997) Pretreatment of azo dyes using ozone. Water Sci Technol 36:155–163. Scholar
  106. 106.
    Lawrence J, Cappelli FP (1977) Ozone in drinking water treatment: a review. Sci Total Environ 7:99–108. Scholar
  107. 107.
    Fanchiang JM, Tseng DH (2009) Degradation of anthraquinone dye C.I. Reactive Blue 19 in aqueous solution by ozonation. Chemosphere 77:214–221. Scholar
  108. 108.
    Fu Z, Zhang Y, Wang X (2011) Textiles wastewater treatment using anoxic filter bed and biological wriggle bed-ozone biological aerated filter. Bioresour Technol 102:3748–3753. Scholar
  109. 109.
    Sarasa J, Roche MP, Ormad MP et al (1998) Treatment of a wastewater resulting from dyes manufacturing with ozone and chemical coagulation. Water Res 32:2721–2727. Scholar
  110. 110.
    Zaror C, Carrasco V, Perez L et al (2001) Kinetics and toxicity of direct reaction between ozone and 1,2-dihydrobenzene in dilute aqueous solution. Water Sci Technol 43:321–326Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Sevimli MF, Sarikaya HZ (2002) Ozone treatment of textile effluents and dyes: effect of applied ozone dose, pH and dye concentration. J Chem Technol Biotechnol 77:842–850. Scholar
  112. 112.
    Paździor K, Wrębiak J, Klepacz-Smółka A et al (2017) Influence of ozonation and biodegradation on toxicity of industrial textile wastewater. J Environ Manage 195:166–173. Scholar
  113. 113.
    Gharbani P, Tabatabaii SM, Mehrizad A (2008) Removal of Congo red from textile wastewater by ozonation. Int J Environ Sci Technol 5:495–500. Scholar
  114. 114.
    Neppolian B, Ashokkumar M, Sáez V et al (2012) Hybrid sonochemical treatments of wastewater: sonophotochemical and sonoelectrochemical approaches. Part II: sonophotocatalytic and sonoelectrochemical degradation of organic pollutants. In: Sharma SK, Sanghi R (eds) Advances water treatment pollution prevention. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 303–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Wu TY, Guo N, Teh CY, Hay JXW (2013) Advances in ultrasound technology for environmental remediation. In: Wu TY, Guo N, Teh CY, Hay JXW (eds) Advances ultrasound technology environment remediation. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 13–93Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    Anjaneyulu Y, Sreedhara Chary N, Samuel Suman Raj D (2005) Decolourization of industrial effluents—available methods and emerging technologies—a review. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 4:245–273. Scholar
  117. 117.
    Onat TA, Gümüşdere HT, Güvenç A, et al (2010) Decolorization of textile azo dyes by ultrasonication and microbial removal. Desalination 255:154–158. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Sathian S, Rajasimman M, Radha G et al (2014) Performance of SBR for the treatment of textile dye wastewater: optimization and kinetic studies. Alexandria Eng J 53:417–426. Scholar
  119. 119.
    Lin H, Chen J, Wang F et al (2011) Feasibility evaluation of submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor for municipal secondary wastewater treatment. Desalination 280:120–126. Scholar
  120. 120.
    Martin-Garcia I, Monsalvo V, Pidou M et al (2011) Impact of membrane configuration on fouling in anaerobic membrane bioreactors. J Memb Sci 382:41–49. Scholar
  121. 121.
    Xing CH, Tardieu E, Qian Y, and Wen X (2000) Ultrafiltration membrane bioreactor for urban wastewater reclamation. J Memb Sci 177:73–82. doi: Scholar
  122. 122.
    Jegatheesan V, Pramanik BK, Chen J et al (2016) Treatment of textile wastewater with membrane bioreactor: a critical review. Bioresour Technol 204:202–212. Scholar
  123. 123.
    Kim HW, Oh HS, Kim SR et al (2013) Microbial population dynamics and proteomics in membrane bioreactors with enzymatic quorum quenching. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97:4665–4675. Scholar
  124. 124.
    Wang E, Zheng Q, Xu S, Li D (2011) Treatment of methyl orange by photocatalysis floating bed. Procedia Environ Sci 10:1136–1140. Scholar
  125. 125.
    Chakrabarti S, Dutta BK (2004) Photocatalytic degradation of model textile dyes in wastewater using ZnO as semiconductor catalyst. J Hazard Mater 112:269–278. Scholar
  126. 126.
    Paschoal FMM, Anderson MA, Zanoni MVB (2009) The photoelectrocatalytic oxidative treatment of textile wastewater containing disperse dyes. Desalination 249:1350–1355. Scholar
  127. 127.
    Arslan I, Balcioglu IA, Banheman DW (2000) Heterogeneous photocatalytic treatment of simulated dyehouse efluents using novel TiO2 photocatalyst. Appl Catal B Environ 26:193–206. Scholar
  128. 128.
    Hong J, Otaki M (2003) Effects of photocatalysis on biological decolorization reactor and biological activity of isolated photosynthetic bacteria. J Biosci Bioeng 96:298–303. Scholar
  129. 129.
    Carneiro PA, Osugi ME, Sene JJ et al (2004) Evaluation of color removal and degradation of a reactive textile azo dye on nanoporous TiO2 thin-film electrodes. Electrochim Acta 49:3807–3820. Scholar
  130. 130.
    Paz A, Carballo J, Pérez MJ, Domínguez JM (2017) Biological treatment of model dyes and textile wastewaters. Chemosphere 181:168–177. Scholar
  131. 131.
    Shen J, Smith E (2015) Enzymatic treatments for sustainable textile processing. In: Blackburn RS (ed) Sustainable apparel production processing recycling. Woodhead Publishing, Sawston, pp 119–133Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Madhu A, Chakraborty JN (2017) Developments in application of enzymes for textile processing. J Clean Prod 145:114–133. Scholar
  133. 133.
    Peralta-Zamora P, Kunz A, De Moraes SG et al (1998) Degradation of reactive dyes I. A comparative study of ozonation, enzymic and photochemical processes. Chemosphere 38:835–852. Scholar
  134. 134.
    Sahinkaya E, Yurtsever A, Çınar Ö (2017) Treatment of textile industry wastewater using dynamic membrane bioreactor: impact of intermittent aeration on process performance. Sep Purif Technol 174:445–454. Scholar
  135. 135.
    Friha I, Bradai M, Johnson D et al (2015) Treatment of textile wastewater by submerged membrane bioreactor: in vitro bioassays for the assessment of stress response elicited by raw and reclaimed wastewater. J Environ Manage 160:184–192. Scholar
  136. 136.
    Tobien T, Cooper WJ, Nickelsen MG et al (2000) Odor control in wastewater treatment: the removal of Thioanisole from water a model case study by pulse radiolysis and electron beam treatment. Environ Sci Technol 34:1286–1291. Scholar
  137. 137.
    Westerhoff P, Mezyk SP, Cooper WJ, Minakata D (2007) Electron pulse radiolysis determination of hydroxyl radical rate constants with Suwannee river fulvic acid and other dissolved organic matter isolates. Environ Sci Technol 41:4640–4646. Scholar
  138. 138.
    Harrelkas F, Paulo A, Alves MM et al (2008) Photocatalytic and combined anaerobic-photocatalytic treatment of textile dyes. Chemosphere 72:1816–1822. Scholar
  139. 139.
    Seshadri S, Bishop PL, Agha AM (1994) Anaerobic/aerobic treatment of selected Azo dyes in wastewater. Waste Manag 14:127–137. Scholar
  140. 140.
    Minke R, Rott U (1999) Anaerobic treatment of split flow wastewater and concentrates from the textile processing industry. Water Sci Technol 40:169–176. Scholar
  141. 141.
    Lacasse K, Baumann W (2004) Environmental considerations for textile processes and chemicals. In: Lacasse K, Baumann W (eds) Textile chemicals. Springer, Berlin, pp 484–647CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Siddique K, Rizwan M, Shahid MJ et al (2017) Textile wastewater treatment options: a critical review. In: Anjum NA, Gill SS, Tuteja N (eds) Enhancing cleanup environmental pollutants. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 183–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Amuda OS, Deng A, Alade AO, Hung Y-T (2008) Conversion of sewage sludge to biosolids. In: Wang LK, Shammas NK, Hung Y-T (eds) Biosolids engineering management. Humana Press, Totowa, pp 65–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Yadav A, Garg VK (2011) Industrial wastes and sludges management by vermicomposting. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 10:243–276. Scholar
  145. 145.
    Karn SK, Kumar A (2015) Hydrolytic enzyme protease in sludge: recovery and its application. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng 20:652–661. Scholar
  146. 146.
    He L, Du P, Chen Y et al (2017) Advances in microbial fuel cells for wastewater treatment. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 71:388–403. Scholar
  147. 147.
    Zhang M, Yang C, Jing Y, Li J (2016) Effect of energy grass on methane production and heavy metal fractionation during anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge. Waste Manag 58:316–323. Scholar
  148. 148.
    Yang S, Hai FI, Price WE et al (2016) Occurrence of trace organic contaminants in wastewater sludge and their removals by anaerobic digestion. Bioresour Technol 210:153–159. Scholar
  149. 149.
    Patinvoh RJ, Osadolor OA, Sárvári Horváth I, Taherzadeh MJ (2017) Cost effective dry anaerobic digestion in textile bioreactors: experimental and economic evaluation. Bioresour Technol 245:549–559. Scholar
  150. 150.
    Bahar S, Ciggin AS (2016) A simple kinetic modeling approach for aerobic stabilization of real waste activated sludge. Chem Eng J 303:194–201. Scholar
  151. 151.
    Sonai GG, de Souza SMAGU, de Oliveira D, de Souza AAU (2016) The application of textile sludge adsorbents for the removal of Reactive Red 2 dye. J Environ Manage 168:149–156. Scholar
  152. 152.
    Volmajer Valh J, Majcen Le Marechal A, Vajnhandl S et al (2011) Water in the textile industry. In: Wilderer WS (ed) Treatise water science. Elsevier, Oxford, pp 685–706Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Velghe I, Carleer R, Yperman J, Schreurs S (2013) Bioresource technology study of the pyrolysis of sludge and sludge/disposal filter cake mix for the production of value added products. Bioresour Technol 134:1–9. Scholar
  154. 154.
    Faubert P, Barnabé S, Bouchard S et al (2016) Pulp and paper mill sludge management practices: what are the challenges to assess the impacts on greenhouse gas emissions? Resour Conserv Recycl 108:107–133. Scholar
  155. 155.
    Ahmadi M, Jorfi S, Kujlu R et al (2017) A novel salt-tolerant bacterial consortium for biodegradation of saline and recalcitrant petrochemical wastewater. J Environ Manage 191:198–208. Scholar
  156. 156.
    Tomei MC, Mosca Angelucci D, Daugulis AJ (2016) Sequential anaerobic-aerobic decolourization of a real textile wastewater in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor. Sci Total Environ 573:585–593. Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aravin Prince Periyasamy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sunil Kumar Ramamoorthy
    • 2
  • Samson Rwawiire
    • 3
  • Yan Zhao
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Materials EngineeringTechnical University of LiberecLiberecCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of BorasBorasSweden
  3. 3.Department of Textile and Ginning EngineeringBusitema UniversityTororoUganda
  4. 4.College of Textile and Clothing EngineeringSoochow UniversitySuzhouPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations