Advertisement

Regional Climate Changes Over Northeast India: Present and Future

  • A. P. Dimri
  • D. Kumar
  • M. Srivastava
Chapter

Abstract

The easternmost part of the India is considered as Northeast (NE) India. It consists of the ‘seven sister states’ (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Tripura) along with Sikkim under the Indian province. The region shares its international boundary with China (in north), Myanmar (east), Bangladesh (south-west) and Bhutan (north-west).

References

  1. Barthakur, M. (2004). Weather and Climate. In V. P. Singh, et al. (Eds.), The Brahmaputra Basin Water Resources (p. 22). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  2. Dash, S. K., Jenamani, R. K., Kalsi, S. R., & Panda, S. K. (2007). Some Evidence of Climate Change in Twentieth-Century India. Climatic Change, 85(3–4), 299–321.Google Scholar
  3. Dash, S. K., Sharma, N., Pattnayak, K. C., Gao, X. J., & Shi, Y. (2012). Temperature and Precipitation Changes in the North-East India and Their Future Projections. Global and Planetary Change, 98, 31–44.Google Scholar
  4. Goswami, B. N., Venugopal, V., Sengupta, D., Madhusoodanan, M. S., & Xavier, P. K. (2006). Increasing Trend of Extreme Rain Events Over India in a Warming Environment. Science, 314(5804), 1442–1445.Google Scholar
  5. Guhathakurta, P., Sreejith, O. P., & Menon, P. A. (2011). Impact of Climate Change on Extreme Rainfall Events and Flood Risk in India. Journal of Earth System Science, 120(3), 359–373.Google Scholar
  6. Hingane, L. S., Rupa Kumar, K., & Ramana Murty, B. V. (1985). Long‐term Trends of Surface Air Temperature in India. Journal of Climatology, 5(5), 521–528.Google Scholar
  7. IPCC. (2007). Climate Change 2007—The Physical Science Basis Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC (ISBN 978 0521 88009-I hardback; 0521 70596-7 paperback).Google Scholar
  8. Jacob, D. (2001). A Note to the Simulation of the Annual and Inter-Annual Variability of the Water Budget Over the Baltic Sea Drainage Basin. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 77, 61–73.Google Scholar
  9. Jhajharia, D., Roy, S., & Ete, G. (2007). Climate and Its Variation: A Case Study of Agartala. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 6(1), 29–37.Google Scholar
  10. Jhajharia, D., Yadav, B. K., Maske, S., Chattopadhyay, S., & Kar, A. K. (2012). Identification of Trends in Rainfall, Rainy Days and 24 h Maximum Rainfall Over Subtropical Assam in Northeast India. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 344(1), 1–13.Google Scholar
  11. Kulkarni, A. (2012) Weakening of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall in Warming Environment. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 109, 447–459.Google Scholar
  12. Kumar, V., & Jain, S. K. (2010). Trends in Seasonal and Annual Rainfall and Rainy Days in Kashmir Valley in the Last Century. Quaternary International, 212(1), 64–69.Google Scholar
  13. Kumar, V., & Jain, S. K. (2011). Trends in Rainfall Amount and Number of Rainy Days in River Basins of India (1951–2004). Hydrology Research, 42(4), 290–306.Google Scholar
  14. Kumar, K. R., Kumar, K. K., & Pant, G. B. (1994). Diurnal Asymmetry of Surface Temperature Trends Over India. Geophysical Research Letters, 21(8), 677–680.Google Scholar
  15. Kumar, K. R., Pant, G. B., Parthasarathy, B., & Sontakke, N. A. (1992). Spatial and Subseasonal Patterns of the Long-term Trends of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall. International Journal of Climatology, 12(3), 257–268.Google Scholar
  16. Moss, R. H., Edmonds, J. A., Hibbard, K. A., Manning, M. R., Rose, S. K., Van Vuuren, D. P., & Meehl, G. A. (2010). The Next Generation of Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment. Nature, 463(7282), 747–756.Google Scholar
  17. Oliver, J. E., & Wilson, L. (1987). Climate Classification. In J. E. Oliver & R. W. Fairbridge (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Climatology (pp. 221–236). New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.Google Scholar
  18. Subash, N., Sikka, A. K., & Mohan, H. R. (2011). An Investigation into Observational Characteristics of Rainfall and Temperature in Central Northeast India—A Historical Perspective 1889–2008. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 103(3–4), 305–319.Google Scholar
  19. Trenberth K. E., Jones, P. D., Ambenje, P., et al. (2007) Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change. In S. Solomon, D. Qin, & M. Manning (Eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Yasutomi, N., Hamada, A., & Yatagai, A. (2011). Development of a Long-term Daily Gridded Temperature Dataset and Its Application to Rain/Snow Discrimination of Daily Precipitation. Global Environmental Research, 15(2), 165–172.Google Scholar
  21. Yatagai, A., Kamiguchi, K., Arakawa, O., Hamada, A., Yasutomi, N., & Kitoh, A. (2012). APHRODITE: Constructing a Long-term Daily Gridded Precipitation Dataset for Asia Based on a Dense Network of Rain Gauges. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93(9), 1401–1415.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. P. Dimri
    • 1
  • D. Kumar
    • 1
  • M. Srivastava
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Environmental SciencesJawaharlal Nehru UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesCentral University of RajasthanRajasthanIndia

Personalised recommendations