General Overview

  • Bao-Ji Zhang
  • Sheng-Long Zhang


The development of new ships and the optimization of ship design are a highly comprehensive technology which requires integrating many disciplines on the optimization platform (or through self-programming) in order to get navigational performance (such as: rapidity, seakeeping, and maneuverability) optimal ship. It is also the premise and the foundation of overall design and innovative design [1].


Optimization Platform Seakeeping Rankine Source Method Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) Wave Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Zhao F, Wu C-S, Zhang Z-R (2015) Preliminary an a lysis of key issues in the development of numerical tank. J Ship Mech 19(10): 1210–1220Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gong M, Zhang Y, Wang X (1999) Simulation-based design and its application in auto-flight system design. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics 25(3): 288–291Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zakerdoost H, Ghassemi H, Ghiasi M (2013) Ship hull form optimization by evolutionary algorithm in order to diminish the drag. J Marine Sci Appl (12): 170–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Li SZ (2012) Research on hull form design optimization based on SBD technique. Wu xi: China Ship Scientific Research CenterGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wang J-H, Wan D-C (2016) Numerical simulation of pure yaw motion using dynamic overset grid technology. Chinese J Hydrodyn 31(5): 567–574Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Liu Z, Feng Bai W, Zhan C (2010) Multidisciplinary design optimization of ship hull from. National Defense Industry PressGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cao HJ, Wan De-C (2013) Three-dimensional numerical wave tank based on naoe-FOAM-SJTU solver. J Fudan Univ (Natl Sci) 52(5): 627–634Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zhang BJ (2009) Research on optimization design of hull lines and minimum Resistance hull form. Dalian: Dalian University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Li ZZ (2005) Optimizaiton research of ship form based on the numerical value calculation of wave resistance. Dalian: Dalian University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu YZ (2003) Theory of ship wave making resisitance. BeiJing: National Defense Industry PressGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Xia LX (1982) Equivalent thin ship method and its application in ship type modification. Shang Hai: Shanghai Jiaotong UniversityGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hsiung CC (1981) Optimal ship forms for minimum wave resistance. J Ship Res 25(2):95–116MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hsiung CC (1984) Optimal ship forms for minimum total resistance. J Ship Res 28(3):163–172Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ye HK (1985) The wave resistance calculation and optimization of ship form with the tent function. Shipbuilding of China, 28–39Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Xia L, Liu YZ (1984) Equivalent thin ship and ship form improvement. Shipbiulding of China, 1–12Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Huang D, Mu J (1997) Interpretation, modification and calculation of linearized wave resistance theory. J Harbin Eng Univ 18(5): 18–14Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Pan ZQ, Cai RQ, Du SQ (1989) A method of hull form improvement by using mathieu function. Shipbiulding of China, 44–53Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang XG, Du S, Cai R (1990) A method for the calculation of wave resistance of catamaran and hull from improvement by using biquadratic spline functions. Shipbiulding of China, 1–15Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Shi ZK, Zheng JM, Huang Y (1991) Shipform optimization and a ship form with minimum wave tesistance. J. Huazhong univ Sci Tech 19(5): 121–128Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ma K, Ichiro T (1997) A study of optimal hull form for minimum resistance. J Hydrodyn 12(1): 114–122Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ma K, Ichiro, T (1994) A study of minimum resistance hull form with consideration of separation (1nd Report). J Kansai Soc Naval Archit Jpn (221), 9–15Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ma K, Ichiro, T (1994) A study of minimum resistance hull form with consideration of separation (2nd Report). J Kansai Soc Naval Archit Jpn (222), 41–47Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ichiro T, Ma, K (1995) Low resistance and high efficiency of ship type determination. J Kansai Soc Naval Archit Jpn (223), 49–57Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ji ZS, Lishufan, GCJ (1982) An applied mixed integer programming method in ship design. J Dalian Institute of Technology 21(1): 69–76Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Lin Y, Ji Z, Dai Y S (1996) Mathematical description and computer method for b splnie hull surface. Shipbiulding of China 4: 83–86Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Lin Y, Zhu ZH, Jizhuo S (1997) Form description with function parameter. Shipbiulding of China 3: 74–78Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lin Y, Jizhuo S, Li TL (1999) Optimum approach to bulbous bow design to reduce resistance and improve propulsion. J Dalian Univ Technol 39(6): 785–791Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Huang Q (1990) Estimation of wave-pattern resistance to ships and optimization of hull forms. J Huazhong Univ Technol 18(5): 69–76Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Saha GK, Suzuki K, Kai H (2004) Hydrodynamic optimization of ship hull forms in shallow water. J Mar Sci Technol 9:51–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Masut S, Suzuki K (2001) Experimental Verification of optimized hull form based on rankine source method. J Kansai Soc NA Jpn. 236, 27–32Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cheng DM, Liu XD, He SL (1999) Wave making resistance calculation of transom ship. J Ship Mech 3(1): 6–12Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Liu XD, Li BJ, Zhu D (2003) Numerical simulation of the flow of the stern ship. Hydrodyn Res Prog A 18(2): 168–175Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Chen J-P, Zhu D-X, HE S-L (2006) Resear ch on numer ical pr ediction method for wave makingr esistance of catamar an/tr imar an. J Ship Mech 10 (2): 23–29Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Chen W-M, Chen X-P (2007) Application of CFD in ship hull lines optimization. J SSSRI 30(1): 30–32Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Raven HC (1993) Nonlinear ship wave calculations using the PARPID method. In: Proceeding 6th international conference on numerical ships hydrodynamics, Iowa CityGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Raven HC, Valkhof HH (1995) Application of nonlinear ship wave calculations in design, symp, on practical design of ships and floating structures. Seoul, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Heimann J (2005) CFD Based optimization of the wave-making characteristics of ship hulls. Technical University Berlin, 23–42Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Wang XF, Zhou S, Chen Z (1992) Computational ship fluid mechanics shang hai: Shanghai Jiaotong University PressGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Deng R, Huang D-B, Zhou G-L (2008) Numerical calculation of resistance of trimarans. J Harbin Eng Univ 29(7): 673–676Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Tahara Y, Saitoh Y, Himeno Y (1999) CFD-aided optimization of tanker stern form -1st report: minimization of viscous resistance. J Kansai Soc NA, Jpn.231, 29–36Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Peri D, Campana EF (2003) Multidisciplinary design optimization of a naval surface combatant. J Ship Res 47(1):1–12Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Peri D, Campana EF (2005) High-fidelity models and multi objective global optimization algorithms in simulation-based design. J Ship Res 49(3):159–175Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Campana EF, Peri D, Tahara Y, Stern F (2004) Comparison and validation of CFD based local optimization methods for surface combatant bow. In: The 25th symposium on naval hydrodynamics, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Campana EF, Peri D, Tahara Y et al (2009) Numerical optimization methods for ship hydrodynamic design. SNAME Annual MeetingGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Campana EF, Liuzzi D, Lucidi S, Peri D et al (2009) New global optimization methods for ship design problems. Optim Eng 10(4): 533–555CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Tahara Y, Sugimoto S, Murayama S, et al (2003) Development of CAD/CFD/ optimizerinte grated hull-form design system. Kansai Soc NA, Jpn, (240): 29–36Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Tahara Y, Tohyama S (2006) CFD-Based multi-objective optimization method for ship design. Int J Num Methods Fluids 52:499–527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Tahara Y, Peri D, Campana EF, Stern F (2008) Computational fluid dynamics based multiobjective optimization of a surface combatant. Marine Sci Technol 13(2):95–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Tahara Y, Hino T, Kandasamy M et al (2011) CFD-based multiobjective optimization of waterjet propelled high speed ships. In: 11th international conference on fast sea transportation FAST 2011, Honolulu, Hawaii, USAGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Tahara Y, Peri D, Campana EF, Stern F (2011) Single- and multiobjective design optimization of a fast multihull ship: numerical and experimental results. J Marine Sci Technol 16(4):412–433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Harries S, Valdenazzi F, Abt C et al (2001) Investigation on optimization strategies for the hydrodynamic design of fast ferries. In: 5th International conference on fast sea transportation, Southhampton, UKGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Ho-Hwan C (2010) Hull form parameterization technique with local and global optimization algorithms. In: Proceedings of MARTEC 2010 the international conference on marine technology, BUET, Dhaka, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Gregory J, Grigoropoulos, Dimitris S et al (2010) Hull-form optimization in calm and rough water. Comput Aided Des 42: 977–984Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Zalek SF (2007) Multi-criterion evolutionary optimization of ship hull forms for propulsion and seakeeping. Michigan UniversityGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Peri D, Campana EF (2006) Simulation based design of fast multihull ship. In: 26th Symposium on naval hydrodynamics, Rome, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Campana EF, Peri D (2006) Shape optimization in ship hydrodynamics using computational fluid dynamics. Comput Methods Appl Mech Eng 196:634–651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Tahara Y, Peri D, Campana EF, Stern F (2008) Single and multiobjective design optimization of a fast multihull ship numerical and experimental results. In: 27th Symposium on naval hydrodynamics. Seoul, KoreaGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Kim KT, Bathfield F, Nicolas et al (2014) Hydrodynamic optimization of twin-skeg LNG ships by CFD and model testing. Int J Naval Archit Ocean Eng 6(2): 392–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Soonhung H, Yeon-Seung L, Young BC (2012) Hydrodynamic hull form optimization using parametric models. J Marine Sci Technol 17(1):1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Jim H, Shari H, Nickolas V (2012) Multidisciplinary design optimization of ship hull forms using metamodels. In: ASME Internationl design engineering technical conferences/computers and information in engineering conference, Washington, DC, 847–856Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Vasudev KL, Sharma R, Bhattacharyya SK (2014) A multi-objective optimization design framework integrated with CFD for the design of AUVs. Methods Oceanography 10:138–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Orihara H, Miyata H (2003) Evaluation of added resistance in regular incident waves by computational fluid dynamics motion simulation using an overlapping grid system. J Marine Sci Technol 8(2):47–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Carrica PM, Wulson RV, Noack RW et al (2007) Ship motions using single-phase level set with dynamic overset grids. Comput Fluids 36(9):1415–1433CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Tezdogan T, Demirel YK, Kellett P et al (2015) Full-scale unsteady RANS CFD simulations of ship behaviour and performance in head seas due to slow steaming. Ocean Eng 97:186–206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Chen XN (2007) Research on optimization of ship form for swath. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Xu L (2012) Optimization of ship hull resistance based on CFD method. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Liang J (2008) Ship hull lines optimization based on hydrodynamic performance. Shanghai: Shanghai Jiao Tong UniversityGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Chang H, Feng B, Liu Z (2012) Research on application of approximate model in hull form optimization. Shipbuilding of China 53(1): 88–98Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Xie L, Feng BW, Liu ZY (2011) Automatic optimization of high-speed hull forms using CFD. J Huazhong Univ Sci Tech (Ntl Sci Edition), 2011 39(6): 129–132Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Huang J-F,Feng B-W (2012) Investigation on optimization strategies for the hydrodynamic design of DTMB 5415. In: The 3rd International conference on manufacturing science and engineering Xiamen, Peoples R China (479), 1950–1954CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Su Z-D (2014) CFD-based hull form resistance and flow field multiobjective optimization research. In: Proceedings of the twenty-fourth (2014) international ocean and polar engineering conference busan, Korea, 15–20Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Qian J Comprehensive hydrodynamics optimization for hull form Via MDO. Wu han: Wuhan University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Qian J-K, Mao X-F, Wang X-Y (2012) Ship hull automated optimization of minimum resistance via CFD and RSM technique. J Ship Mech 16(1–2): 36–43Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Shahid M (2012) A research on the ship hull form optimization using viscous CFD and Genetic algorithm. Harbin: Harbin Engineering University2012Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    LI S-Z, Zhao F, Yang L (2010) Multi-objective optimization for airfoil hydrodynamic performance design based on CFD techniques. J Ship Mech 14(11): 1441–1448Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Wang S, Chen JP, Wei JF (2013) The development and app; ocatopm research of an integrated optimization system based on the resistance in calm water and added resistance due to waves. In: The twenty-fifth national hydrodynamics seminar and the 12th national hydrodynamics academic conference. Zhe jiang, zhou shan, pp 928–933Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Zhang WX (2012) Comprehensive optimization of hull form for containership in wave based on EEDI. Wu Han: Wuhan University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Zhou Y (2012) Research on optimization method for high performance vessel Research on optimization method for high performance vessel. Dalian:Dalian Maritime UniversityGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Sheng-Zhong Li, Feng Zhao, Qi-Jun Ni (2014) Bow and stern shape integrated optimization for a full ship by a simulation-based design technique. J Ship Res 58(2):83–96CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Shen Z-R, Ye H-X, Wan D-C (2014) URANS simulations of ship motion responses in long-crest irregular waves. J Hydrodyn 26(3): 436–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Zhao F-M, Gao C-J, Qiong XIA (2011) Overlap grid research on the application of ship CFD. J Ship Mech 15(5): 332–341Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Shi B-W, Liu Z-J, Wu M (2014) Numerical simulation of ship motions in irregular head waves. J Ship Mech 18(8): 906–915Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Shanghai Jiao Tong University Press, Shanghai and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bao-Ji Zhang
    • 1
  • Sheng-Long Zhang
    • 2
  1. 1.College of Ocean Science and EngineeringShanghai Maritime UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Merchant Marine CollegeShanghai Maritime UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations