Skip to main content

Future Eco-Development in China and Beyond

  • 407 Accesses

Part of the Palgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies book series (PSAPS)

Abstract

In this chapter, we first consider some of the past and current trends of eco-development, both globally and focused on the experience of China. We provide a detailed analysis of eco-development approaches that exist in the built environment at three spatial levels. Afterwards, we provide a comprehensive analysis of ‘eco’ from a multiscalar perspective. In this part, we look into issues of climate change and how it effects urban resilience, and as such, eco-development as our mainstream. We then discuss more about the context of China and precisely explore the importance of the regional context and climatic conditions, stakeholder constellations as part of project development, and traditions as rightful methods for the future. In the final section of the chapter, we highlight some future directions and give an insight about what directions will be suitable in China, if the concept of eco- is going to continue and strive for further development.

Keywords

  • Eco-development
  • Stakeholder constellations
  • Traditions
  • Future directions
  • Integration

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-8345-7_8
  • Chapter length: 40 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-981-10-8345-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   149.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  • Agyeman, J., McLaren, D., Schaefer-Borrego, A. (2013) Sharing cities. Friends of the Earth.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ahmad, S., de Oliveira, J.A.P. (2016) Determinants of urban mobility in India: Lessons for promoting sustainable and inclusive urban transportation in developing countries. Transport Policy 50, 106–114.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bansal, P., and McKnight, B. (2009) Looking forward, pushing back and peering sideways: Analyzing the sustainability of industrial symbiosis, Journal of Supply Chain Management, 45(4), pp. 26–37.

    Google Scholar 

  • Belk, R. (2014) You are what you can access: Sharing and collaborative consumption online. Journal of Business Research 67, 1595–1600.

    Google Scholar 

  • Bin, S., and Nadel, S. (2012) How Does China Achieve a 95% Compliance Rate for Building Energy Codes? ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings 2012, available at: http://aceee.org/files/proceedings/2012/data/papers/0193-000261.pdf.

  • Cao, D., Li, H., Wang, G., Huang, T. (2017) Identifying and contextualising the motivations for BIM implementation in construction projects: An empirical study in China, International Journal of Project Management , Volume 35, Issue 4, pp. 658–669.

  • Chen, B., (2014) Green building concepts in Chinese vernacular buildings (浅谈古建筑中的绿色建筑理念), Doors and Windows (门窗), (6): 202–202.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chen, J., and Wang, J. (2012) How traditional Chinese architecture culture affects green building design (中国传统建筑文化对绿色建筑的影响探讨), Green Technologies (绿色科技), (8): 272–274.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheshmehzangi, A. (2014) The Urban and Urbanism: China’s New Urbanization and Approaches towards Comprehensive Development, The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies, Vol. 8, Issue 3–4, pp. 1–12.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheshmehzangi, A. (2016) Eco Fusion: A New Approach to Multi-Spatial Eco Development , Technical Report, Published in Ningbo, China.

  • Cheshmehzangi, A. (2017) ‘Sustainable Development Directions in China: Smart, Eco, or Both?’ in the 2017 International Symposium on Sustainable Smart Eco-city Planning and Development, 11–13 Oct 2017 Cardiff, UK.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheshmehzangi, A., and Butters, C. (eds.) (2017) Designing Cooler Cities – Energy, Cooling and Urban Form: The Asian Perspective, London: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Cheshmehzangi, A., Deng, W., Zhang, Y. and Xie, L. (2017a) Green Development Status in Zhejiang Province and the City of Ningbo, China: Examination of Policies, Strategies and Incentives at Multiple Levels, IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 63(1), pp. 1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheshmehzangi, A., Xie, L. and Tan-Mullins, M. (2018) The Role of International Actors in Low-Carbon Transitions of Shenzhen’s International Low Carbon City in China, Journal of Cities, Published November 2017.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cheshmehzangi, A., Zhu, Y., and Li, B. (2017b) Application of environmental performance analysis for urban design with Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and EcoTect tools: The case of Cao Fei Dian eco-city, China, International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment .

  • China Society of Urban Studies (2016) China Green Building Annual Report. Beijing: China Building Industry Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cohen-Shacham, E., Walters, G., Janzen, C., and Maginnis, S. (eds) (2016) Nature-based solutions to address global societal challenges. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Xiii + 97 pp. Available at: https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/46191.

  • Cole R.J. (2010) Environmental assessment: shifting scales, In Edward Ng (eds) Designing high-density cities for social and environmental sustainability, pp. 273–282, Earthscan London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Coombes, E., Jones, A.P. and Hillsdon, M (2010) The relationship of physical activity and overweight to objectively measured green space accessibility and use. Social science & medicine 70, 816–822.

    Google Scholar 

  • Coutts A., and Harris R. (2013) A multi-scale assessment of urban heating in Melbourne during an extreme heat event: policy approaches for adaptation; Available at: http://www.vcccar.org.au/sites/default/files/publications/Multiscale%20assessment%20urban%20heating%20Technical%20Report.pdf.

  • Cunningham, R., Christopher C., Thomas M., Brent J., Anne-Maree, D. and Ben Harman (2016) Engaging communities in climate adaptation: the potential of social networks. Journal of Climate Policy, Volume 16, Issue 7.

    Google Scholar 

  • Deng, W., Cheshmehzangi A., and Yang T. (2014) Environmental implications of privatised public space in gated residential neighbourhood, International Journal of Social Science and Humanity, (IJSSH, ISSN: 2010–3646).

    Google Scholar 

  • Deng, W; Blair, J; Yenneti, K (2017) Contemporary urbanization: challenges, future trends and measuring progress, in Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies, edited by Abraham M. et al. Elsevier Oxford UK.

    Google Scholar 

  • Desouza, K.C. and Flanery, T. H (2013) Designing, planning, and managing resilient cities: A conceptual framework. Cities, 35, pp. 89–99.

    Google Scholar 

  • EURObiz (2013) Sustainable urbanisation drives innovation, Published by Journal of European Union Chamber of Commerce in China. Available at: http://www.eurobiz.com.cn/sustainable-development-urbanisation-drives-innovation/.

  • Faivre, N., Fritz, M., Freitas, T., de Boissezon, B., and Vandewoestijne, S. (2017) Nature-Based Solutions in the EU: Innovating with nature to address social, economic and environmental challenges, Environmental Research , Vol. 159, pp. 509–518.

  • Fan, P., Ouyang, Z., Basnou, C., Pino, J., Park, H., Chen, J. (2017) Nature-based solutions for urban landscapes under post-industrialization and globalization: Barcelona versus Shanghai, Environmental Research , Volume 156, pp. 272–283.

  • Feng, K., Fridley, K., and Huang, Z. (2016) Impact Analysis of Developing Net Zero Energy Buildings in China. ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Available at: http://aceee.org/files/proceedings/2016/data/papers/10_1135.pdf.

  • Fussler, C. and James, P. (1996) Driving Eco-Innovation: A Breakthrough Discipline for Innovation and Sustainability, Pitman Publishing: London.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gonela, V., Zhang, J. and Osmani, A. (2015) Stochastic optimization of sustainable industrial symbiosis based hybrid generation bioethanol supply chains, Computers & Industrial Engineering, vol. 87, pp. 40–65.

    Google Scholar 

  • Habibi, S. (2017) The promise of BIM for improving building performance, Energy and Buildings , Volume 153, pp. 525–548.

  • He B.J., Yang L., and Ye M. (2014) Building energy efficiency in China rural areas: Situation, drawbacks, challenges, corresponding measures and policies. Sustainable Cities and Society 11:7–15.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hodson, M. and Marvin, S. (2010) Urbanism in the Anthropocene: Ecological urbanism or premium ecological enclaves? City, Vol. 14, Issue, 3, pp. 298–313.

    Google Scholar 

  • James, P. (1997) The Sustainability Circle: a new tool for product development and design, Journal of Sustainable Product Design, Vol. 2, pp. 52–57.

    Google Scholar 

  • Joss, S. (2011) Eco-Cities: The Mainstreaming of Urban Sustainability; Key Characteristics and Driving Factors, International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 6:3, pp. 268–285.

    Google Scholar 

  • Keesstra, S., Nunes, J., Novara, A., Finger, D., Avela, D., Kalantari, Z., and Cerdà, A. (2018) The superior effect of nature based solutions in land management for enhancing ecosystem services, Science of The Total Environment , Volumes 610–611, pp. 997–1009.

  • Kelly, C., Essex, S., and Glegg, G. (2012) Reflective practice for marine planning: A case study of marine nature-based tourism partnerships, Marine Policy , Volume 36, Issue 3, pp. 769–781.

  • Li, J. (2011) Decoupling urban transport from GHG emissions in Indian cities—A critical review and perspectives. Energy policy 39, 3503–3514.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lovell, H. (2012) Eco-Communities, International Encyclopedia of Housing and Home. Elsevier Publication, pp. 1–5.

  • Mytton, O.T., Townsend, N., Rutter, H. and Foster, C (2012) Green space and physical activity: an observational study using health survey for England data. Health & place 18, 1034–1041.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nikolaidis, N. P., Kolokotsa, D., and Banwart, S. A. (2017) Nature-based solutions: business, Nature, 543 (7645), pp. 315–315.

  • Norman, B. (2016) Climate Ready Cities. Policy Information Brief 2, National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility, Gold Coast.

    Google Scholar 

  • Panno, A., Carrus, G. Lafortezza, R., Mariani, L., and Sanesi, G. (2017) Nature-based solutions to promote human resilience and wellbeing in cities during increasingly hot summers, Environmental Research , Volume 159, pp. 249–256.

  • Qiu, X., and Huang, G. Q. (2013) Supply Hub in Industrial Park (SHIP): The value of freight consolidation, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 65, pp. 16–27.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rennings, K. (2000) Redefining innovation – eco-innovation research and the contribution from ecological economics, Ecological Economics, Vol. 32 (2), pp. 319–332.

  • Rifkin, J. (2014) The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, The Collaborative Commons, And The Eclipse of Capitalism, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

  • Roseland, M. (1997) Dimensions of the eco-city. Cities, 14, 197–202.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saleh, F., and Weinstein, M. P. (2016) The role of Nature-based Infrastructure (NBI) in Coastal Resiliency Planning: A Literature Review, Journal of Environmental Management, Volume 183, Part 3, pp. 1088–1098.

  • Santamouris, M. (2015) Regulating the damaged thermostat of the cities – status, impacts and mitigation challenges. Environmental building.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shahrokni, H., Levihn, F., and Brandt, N. (2014) Big meter data analysis of the energy efficiency potential in Stockholm’s building stock, Energy and Buildings, vol. 78, pp. 153–164.

    Google Scholar 

  • Shi, Q., Yu, T., Zuo, J., and Lai, X. (2016) Challenges of developing sustainable neighbourhoods in China, Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 135, pp. 972–983.

    Google Scholar 

  • SOHO BIM project report (2013) internal project report on SOHO Building, Shanghai, unpublished document.

    Google Scholar 

  • Theeuwes, N.E., Steeneveld, G.J., Ronda, R.J., Heusinkveld, B.G., van Hove, L.W.A. and Holtslag, A.A.M. (2014) Seasonal Dependence of the Urban Heat Island on the Street Canyon Aspect Ratio, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, Volume 140, Issue 684 October 2014 Part A Pages 2197–2210.

    Google Scholar 

  • van den Bosch, M. and Ode Sang, A. (2017) Urban natural environments as nature-based solutions for improved public health – A systematic review of reviews, Environmental Research , Volume 158, pp. 373–384.

  • van der Nat, A., Vellinga, P., Leemans, R., and van Slobbe, E. (2016) Ranking coastal flood protection design from engineered to nature-based, Ecological Engineering , Volume 87, pp. 80–90.

  • Vance, C., Hedel, R. (2007) The impact of urban form on automobile travel: disentangling causation from correlation. Transportation 34, 575–588.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vujcic, M., Tomicevic-Dubljevic, J., Grbic, M., DusicaLecic-Tosevski, D., Vukovic, O. and Toskovic, O. (2017) Nature based solution for improving mental health and well-being in urban areas, Environmental Research, Volume 158, pp. 385–392.

  • Weber, R. and Reardon, M. (2015) Do eco-districts support the regional growth of cleantech firms? Notes from Stockholm, Cities, Vol. 49, pp. 113–120.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wild, T. C., Hennberry, J., and Gill, L. (2017) Comprehending the multiple ‘values’ of green infrastructure – Valuing nature-based solutions for urban water management from multiple perspectives, Environmental Research, Volume 158, pp. 179–187.

  • World Economic Forum (2016) Shaping the future of construction – a breakthrough in mind-set and technology, prepared in collaboration with the Boston Consulting Global, May 2016.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wu, Y., J. Hou, N. Zhou and W. Feng. (2015) Research on an Energy-Efficiency Improvement Roadmap for Commercial Buildings in China. Proceedings of the European Council for An Energy- Efficient Economy 2015 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency. Club Belambra Les Criques, Presqu’île de Giens Toulon/Hyères, France: ECEEE.

    Google Scholar 

  • Xiao, Z., Cao, B., Zhou, G. and Sun, J. (2017) The monitoring and research of unstable locations in eco-industrial networks, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 105, pp. 234–246.

    Google Scholar 

  • Yigitcanlar, T. and Lee, S. H. (2014) Korean ubiquitous-eco-city: A smart-sustainable urban form or a branding hoax? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 89, pp. 100–114.

    Google Scholar 

  • Xu, W. (2017) Nearly zero energy building research and development in China (中国近零能耗建筑研究和实践). Science & Technology Review (科技导报), 2017, 35(10): 38–43.

    Google Scholar 

  • Yang, Z., Fan, Y., and Zheng, S. (2016) Determinants of household carbon emissions: Pathway toward eco-community in Beijing, Habitat International , Volume 57, pp. 175–186.

  • Zhang B., Min S.G., Yang T., and Yang B. F. (2014) Li-fang system, urban neighbourhood and green city 里坊城市●街坊城市● 绿色城市, China Architecture & Building Press (in Chinese).

    Google Scholar 

  • Zhang, D. (2011) Study on Promoting Government Mechanism of Public Participation In Low-carbon Community Construction. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan.

    Google Scholar 

8.4.6 Websites

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 The Author(s)

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Deng, W., Cheshmehzangi, A. (2018). Future Eco-Development in China and Beyond. In: Eco-development in China. Palgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies. Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-8345-7_8

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-8345-7_8

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Palgrave Macmillan, Singapore

  • Print ISBN: 978-981-10-8344-0

  • Online ISBN: 978-981-10-8345-7

  • eBook Packages: Social SciencesSocial Sciences (R0)