Conclusions and Recommendations

  • Mubashir Gulzar
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


This dissertation was dedicated to study the lubrication performance of a variety of nanoparticles as additives to bio-based base stock (palm TMP ester) for engine piston ring–cylinder interaction. The goal of the research was on the lubrication performance enhancement of palm TMP ester to minimize the sliding friction and wear losses for piston ring–cylinder combination. The significant contribution of this dissertation was developing a tribologically enhanced bio-based lubricant while enlightening the lubrication enhancing mechanisms of a variety of nanoparticle additives.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of MalayaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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