Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure in India: Viability Analysis

  • Wajahat Khan
  • Furkan Ahmad
  • Aqueel Ahmad
  • Mohammad Saad Alam
  • Akshay Ahuja
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 487)


Rising pollution is a cause of major concern for the Indian cities. Extensive reliance on IC engine-based vehicles as the principal means of transport has raised serious environmental concerns. To address the ongoing problems, there is increased emphasis on developing high-efficient, emission-free means of transport. Keeping this in view, electric and hybrid vehicles appear to be the best alternatives for replacing the conventional vehicles. But wide adoption of electric vehicles will require residential as well as public charging infrastructure analogues to petrol pumps. Level 1, Level 2, and fast EV charging stations have been installed in various countries in the world. A detailed exploration is required to develop a similar customized infrastructure for the Indian market. This work provides a detailed overview of the various technologies and viable options in terms of power quality, power electronic converter topologies, and energy management options optimally feasible in India. Recent policies and initiatives taken by the Government are also presented in this paper.


Charging infrastructure Electric vehicles Smart grid Smart charging management 



This research work has been supported by the Centre of Advanced Research in Electrified Transportation (CARET), Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.


  1. 1.
    Shrivastava RK, Neeta S, Geeta G (2013) Air pollution due to road transportation in India : a review on assessment and reduction strategies. J Environ Res Dev 8(1):69Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    “India-One of the world’s most exciting EV market”
  3. 3.
    Yilmaz M, Krein PT (2012) Review of charging power levels and infrastructure for plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles. In: 2012 IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference. Greenville, SC, USA, pp 1–8Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Prabhakar S, Febin Daya JL (2016) A comparative study on the performance of interleaved converters for EV battery charging. In: 2016 IEEE 6th International Conference on Power Systems (ICPS). New Delhi, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yilmaz M, Krein PT (2013) Review of battery charger topologies, charging power levels, and infrastructure for plug-in electric and hybrid vehicles. IEEE Trans Power Electron 28(5):2151–2169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Foley AM, Winning IJ, Gallachóir BPÓ (2010) State-of-the-art in electric vehicle charging infrastructure. In: IEEE Vehicle power and propulsion conference (VPPC), 2010Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dharmakeerthi CH, Mithulananthan N, Saha TK (2013) Planning of electric vehicle charging infrastructure. In: 2013 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting. Vancouver, BC, Canada, pp 1–5Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vollers W, Steinmetz R, Han Q (2013) Sustainable business models for public charging points. In: 2013 World Electric Vehicle Symposium and Exhibition (EVS27). Barcelona, pp 1–11Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jahan S, Habiba R (2015) An analysis of smart grid communication infrastructure & cyber security in smart grid. In: 2015 International Conference on Advances in Electrical Engineering (ICAEE). Dhaka, pp 190–193Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vagropoulos SI, Kleidaras AP, Bakirtzis AG (2014) Financial viability of investments on electric vehicle charging stations in workplaces with parking lots under flat rate retail tariff schemes. In: 2014 49th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC). Cluj-Napoca, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Clean enenrgy ministrial (2014) Assessing and Accelerating Electric Vehicle Deployment in India, May 2014. Available at
  12. 12.
    Sarker MR, Dvorkin Y, Ortega-Vazquez MA (2016) Optimal participation of an electric vehicle aggregator in day-ahead energy and reserve markets. IEEE Trans Power Syst 31(5):3506–3515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Taylor JW, Mcsharry PE, Member S (2007) Short-term load forecasting methods : an evaluation based on European data. IEEE Trans Power Syst 22(4):2213–2219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wu H, Shahidehpour M, Alabdulwahab A, Abusorrah A (2016) A game theoretic approach to risk-based optimal bidding strategies for electric vehicle aggregators in electricity markets with variable wind energy resources. IEEE Trans Sustain Energ 7(1):374–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Pandit S, Kapur D (2015) Electric vehicles in India policies, opportunities and current scenario. ADB Open Innovation Forum, Manila, 20/05/2015. Available at:
  16. 16.
    EY (2016) Electric vehicles adoption: potential impact in India. In: A Power and Utilities perspective, June 2016. Available at: -> EY-ev-adoption-potential-impact-in-India-july-2016.pdf19
  17. 17.
    Marathe SR (2013) xEV: Policies & implementation status in india. In: 2nd AAI—Summit, Electric Vehicle Session. Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 26th November 2013Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Springer India—New Delhi Auto Tech Rev (2015) 4: 22.
  19. 19.
    Fame_India_Revised270415.pdf F. No. 21(37)/NAB/DIDM/2014Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wajahat Khan
    • 1
  • Furkan Ahmad
    • 2
  • Aqueel Ahmad
    • 1
  • Mohammad Saad Alam
    • 1
  • Akshay Ahuja
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre of Advanced Research in Electrified Transportation (CARET), AMUAligarhIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia
  3. 3.ISGFNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations