Transition of Hazardous Chemical Management and Environmental Risk Management and Evaluation in Japan

Chapter

Abstract

Japan has experienced many public nuisances in high economic growth period as the representative public nuisances are called “four big pollution diseases” which caused many patients and fatality. The government initiated antipollution measures from the late 1960s and enforced environmental quality standards and Total Pollutant Load Control System. These antipollution measures had obviously improved public nuisances and retrieved clean quality of life. Since the 1990s, environmental risk management and evaluation has been globally implemented, and Japan enforced some regulations such as Pollutants Restriction Transfer Register, screening assessment, etc. These regulations enable to prevent environmental risks of chemical substances. This chapter explains the transition of the hazardous chemical management and current system of environmental risk management and evaluation in Japan.

Keywords

Four big pollution diseases Total Pollutant Load Control System Environmental risk management and evaluation Pollutants Restriction Transfer Register Screening assessment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental EngineeringKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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