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The Prospects of Indonesia–China Relations

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Six Decades of Indonesia-China Relations

Abstract

Since the Reform Era in the end of 1990s, Indonesia and China showed a closer relationship. However, it did not mean that there were no obstacles at all. A number of economic and political-security issues such as trade, labor, and service, as well as maritime borders, could be potential threats to the cohesion of the bilateral relations. These problems are still the major challenges in efforts to improve Indonesia–China relations and will be more complex in the future. The changing power configuration among the major countries in the region after the Cold War has increased China’s global influence in the realm of politics, security, economic, and military. The development of China’s impressive power influence has attracted many people’s attention, ranging from policy makers, businessmen, and defense planners to academicians. In Indonesia and other countries in the region, some consider that China’s rapidly growing influence could be a serious challenge. The growing influence of China presents opportunities and threats to the sustainability of economic development and security. Therefore, in response to these developments, Indonesia needs to formulate a scalable foreign policy, i.e., one that can achieve Indonesia’s national interests maximally. The main pivotal question posed in the context of their bilateral relations is how Indonesia should address China’s current development.

There lies a sleeping giant. Let her sleep. For when she wakes, she will shake the world.

(Napoleon, A quote from “Fear of The Dragon,” Far Eastern Economic Review, 13 April 1995, p. 24.).

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Jemadu (2011).

  2. 2.

    For further analysis on the background of China-oriented foreign policy under Soekarno’s Era, see Wuryandari (Wuryandari 2007, pp. 92–108).

  3. 3.

    See Sukma (2009a, p. 143).

  4. 4.

    For further information, see Sukma (1999).

  5. 5.

    Sukma (2009b).

  6. 6.

    An analysis of Indonesian foreign policy toward China in the post-Soeharto presidency, particularly in economic cooperation, is shown in http://fullthink.blogspot.com/2011/04/analisa-politik-luar-negeri-indonesia.html.

  7. 7.

    Hadi (2009).

  8. 8.

    Sukma (2009a, p. 146).

  9. 9.

    Astuti and Perkasa (2010, p. 6).

  10. 10.

    Imron Cotan, The Jakarta Post, May 31, 2011. See also Hubungan Indonesia-RRT (2011).

  11. 11.

    Djafar (2008, p. 126).

  12. 12.

    Cotan (2011).

  13. 13.

    Astuti and Perkasa (2010).

  14. 14.

    Bappenas (2009).

  15. 15.

    Sukma (2009a, p. 152).

  16. 16.

    This statement came out during the FGDs on Jemadu (2011).

  17. 17.

    Brown (2011, p. 3, 11); “China Struts Larger on World Stage,” The Jakarta Post, Mei 25, 2011.

  18. 18.

    Higgins (2010).

  19. 19.

    Onishi (2010).

  20. 20.

    Cotan (2011).

  21. 21.

    Brown (2011), hlm 3 dan hlm.11; “China Struts Larger on World Stage,” The Jakarta Post, May 25, 2011.

  22. 22.

    Fear of the Dragon (1995, p. 24).

  23. 23.

    Jepang: Cina Makin Meresahkan (2011, p. 8).

  24. 24.

    Fear of The Dragon (1995, p. 24).

  25. 25.

    Jepang: Cina Makin Meresahkan (2011, p. 8).

  26. 26.

    Mingjiang (2007, p. 3).

  27. 27.

    Pertiwi (2007, p. 86).

  28. 28.

    Jepang: Cina Makin Meresahkan (2011, p. 8).

  29. 29.

    Jemadu (2011).

  30. 30.

    Cotan (2011).

  31. 31.

    Ibid.

  32. 32.

    The Jakarta Globe, September 1, 2011.

  33. 33.

    “Indonesia Seeks Explanation from Cina over Seafood Ban,” Antara News, http://www.antara.co.id, August 27, 2007.

  34. 34.

    Jemadu (2011).

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Wuryandari, G. (2018). The Prospects of Indonesia–China Relations. In: Christin Sinaga, L. (eds) Six Decades of Indonesia-China Relations. Springer, Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-8084-5_6

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