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Phosphorus Recovery from Night Soil and Johkasou Sludge

  • Yoshio OkunoEmail author
  • Yasuyuki Nakata
  • Masaaki Isse
Chapter

Abstract

In Japan, sanitation for 26% of the population is covered by decentralized treatment facilities called Johkasou and night soil treatment plants (NSTPs). The former is installed to treat black water from small communities or individual households. Johkasou is a general term for compact on-site wastewater treatment unit and/or facility and is applicable to a population of several to several thousands, depending on the installation condition. The latter is installed to treat mainly night soil (human feces) coming from 6% out of the 26% population that uses decentralized treatment facilities. Since the sludge extracted from Johkasou is also treated in NSTPs, they play a key role in the Japanese sanitation system. As part of a social sustainability policy, the “Plan of Sludge Resource Recycling Treatment Center” (SRRTC) was enacted as a bylaw in 1997. It demands that NSTPs be furnished with facilities for resource and/or energy recovery from organic wastes including night soil and Johkasou sludge. Facilities implemented by this plan are categorized as sludge resource recycling treatment centers. This chapter describes the first SRRTC project in which a chemical precipitation process was applied to the recovery of phosphorus as calcium phosphates from night soil and Johkasou sludge.

Keywords

Night soil Johkasou sludge SRRTC Phosphorus recovery CaP precipitation 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hitachi Zosen Corporation, Environment Business HeadquartersOsaka-shiJapan

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