Phosphorus Extraction from Sewage Sludge Ash by the CO2 Blowing Method

  • Takeshi ToyamaEmail author


Sewage sludge ash (SSA) often contains high levels of phosphorus (P) and has been considered as one of important secondary P resources. However, SSA also contains toxic heavy metals such as Cd, As, and Hg which can cause contamination problems in the recovery of P from SSA. Alkaline earth metal phosphate salts, which are present in SSA, can be preferentially dissolved by blowing CO2 into the aqueous suspension of SSA. The dissolution mechanism involves the formation of soluble hydrogen carbonate by the CO2 blowing which allows alkaline earth metal phosphate salts to form bicarbonate salts having high solubility in water. This chapter describes the selective extraction of phosphate from SSA using the CO2 blowing method.


Alkaline earth metal phosphate CO2 blowing Selective dissolution Hydroxyapatite 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Materials and Applied Chemistry, College of Science and TechnologyNihon UniversityTokyoJapan

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