Camphor was recorded in many ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine. There has been a long history for traditional Chinese medicine to use camphor. The research and development process of camphor has gone through from the natural product extraction to the modern chemical drug synthesis. Camphor is mainly used for the treatment of pruritic skin diseases, fibrous tissue inflammation, neuralgia, and influenza. It is toxic to human. Overdose of camphor can cause irritability, drowsiness, muscle spasms, vomiting, convulsions, epilepsy, and other symptoms. Camphor has wide pharmacological activities, but its toxicity limits the clinical application.
KeywordsCamphor Pruritic skin diseases Pharmacological activities Toxicity
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