Research Design



This chapter discusses the research design for the study—participatory action research (PAR)—including the research site, participants, data collection and analysis, and my positionality as researcher/teacher in this study. This study focuses on (1) paying attention to particular social positions, such as race, ethnicity, gender, culture, class, and language that are interwoven with power relations, along with a resistance to normative responses to questions relevant to those domains; (2) acknowledging that my research paradigms go beyond the dominant, postpositivist-influenced one; (3) seeking a transformative pedagogy (and by implication, transformative research practices); and (4) taking a self-reflective stance on critical theory rather than accepting and using such terms as “oppression,” “ideology,” and “empowerment.”


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Curriculum and TeachingThe University of KansasLawrenceUSA

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