Analyzing ConvNets Depth for Deep Face Recognition

  • Mohan RajEmail author
  • I. Gogul
  • M. Deepan Raj
  • V. Sathiesh Kumar
  • V. Vaidehi
  • S. Sibi Chakkaravarthy
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 703)


Deep convolutional neural networks are becoming increasingly popular in large-scale image recognition, classification, localization, and detection. In this paper, the performance of state-of-the-art convolution neural networks (ConvNets) models of the ImageNet challenge (ILSVRC), namely VGG16, VGG19, OverFeat, ResNet50, and Inception-v3 which achieved top-5 error rates up to 4.2% are analyzed in the context of face recognition. Instead of using handcrafted feature extraction techniques which requires a domain-level understanding, ConvNets have the advantages of automatically learning complex features, more training time, and less evaluation time. These models are benchmarked on AR and Extended Yale B face dataset with five performance metrics, namely Precision, Recall, F1-score, Rank-1 accuracy, and Rank-5 accuracy. It is found that GoogleNet ConvNets model with Inception-v3 architecture outperforms than other four architectures with a Rank-1 accuracy of 98.46% on AR face dataset and 97.94% accuracy on Extended Yale B face dataset. It confirms that deep CNN architectures are suitable for real-time face recognition in the future.


Deep learning Face recognition Convolutional neural networks Computer vision 



This research project is supported by DAE-BRNS, Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. The authors would like to extend their sincere thanks to DAE-BRNS for their support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohan Raj
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. Gogul
    • 1
  • M. Deepan Raj
    • 1
  • V. Sathiesh Kumar
    • 1
  • V. Vaidehi
    • 2
  • S. Sibi Chakkaravarthy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electronics EngineeringMadras Institute of Technology Campus, Anna UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.School of Computing Science and EngineeringVIT UniversityChennaiIndia

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