Retinal Vessel Extraction and Fovea Detection Using Morphological Processing

  • Avik Banerjee
  • Soumyadeep Bhattacharjee
  • Sk. Latib
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 710)


Extraction of blood vessels from retinal fundus images is a primary phase in the diagnosis of several eye disorders including diabetic retinopathy, a leading cause of vision impairment among working-age adults globally. Since manual detection of blood vessels by ophthalmologists gets progressively difficult with increasing scale, automated vessel detection algorithms provide an efficient and cost-effective alternative to manual methods. This paper aims to provide an efficient and highly accurate algorithm for the extraction of retinal blood vessels. The proposed algorithm uses morphological processing, background elimination, neighborhood comparison for preliminary detection of the vessels. Detection and removal of fovea, and bottom-hat filtering are performed subsequently to improve the accuracy, which is then calculated as a percentage with respect to ground truth images.


Diabetic retinopathy Vessel extraction Fovea detection Fundus image Bottom-hat filter Neighborhood comparison 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Avik Banerjee
    • 1
  • Soumyadeep Bhattacharjee
    • 1
  • Sk. Latib
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringSt. Thomas’ College of Engineering and TechnologyKolkataIndia

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