Study on Effectiveness of Physical Protection and Security Management of Radioactive Sources in Medical Institutions in Malaysia

  • M. N. M. Kamari
  • M. S. Yasir
  • Z. Kayun
  • P. Muthuvelu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Bioengineering book series (LNBE)


Ministry of Health has joined the program of the Regional Security of Radioactive Sources (RSRS) to improve the Physical Protection and Security Management (PPSM) system of radioactive sources in medical institutions in Malaysia. This study is aimed to identify the compatibility of PPSM system components, used in medical institutions in Malaysia based on documents from the IAEA as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of its execution. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre, Ampang Hospital, Universiti Sains Malaysia Hospital, Advanced Medical and Dental Institute and Gleneagles Intan Medical Centre was chosen as a location for research. The system was assessed through questionnaires, interviews, observations and document review. From the results, it shows the effectiveness of implementing PPSM system still at a moderate level in all medical institutions in Malaysia. Improvements can be made through collaboration with the ministry and the management of medical institutions in which several components in the PPSM system has been identified as the details of the source of radioactive material, the security plan and security functions as well as to provide exposure to the employees by continuously organizing extensive courses, seminars and workshops.



First and foremost, I would like to express my profound gratitude to my advisor, Prof. Dr. Muhamad Samudi bin Yasir for all the guidance and support throughout my research. My sincere thanks also goes to all representatives from MOH, UKMMC, Ampang’s Hospital, HUSM, AMDI and Gleaneagles Kuala Lumpur for their participation in this research.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. N. M. Kamari
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. S. Yasir
    • 2
  • Z. Kayun
    • 1
  • P. Muthuvelu
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Radiation Surveillance Division, Ministry of HealthPutrajayaMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Science and Technology, School of Applied PhysicsNational University of MalaysiaBangiMalaysia

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