It’s Time to Change the Project Model

  • Michael Knapp
Part of the Management for Professionals book series (MANAGPROF)


“The problem”, said the CFO of a large financial services organisation, “is that we’re spending a billion dollars a year on projects and I don’t know if we’re getting value for money”. This was something I had heard many times before. He continued, “and I’m not even sure we’re spending it on the right projects”.


  1. Davis, K. (2014). Different stakeholder groups and their perceptions of project success. International Journal of Project Management, 32, 189–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Denrell, J. (2003). Vicarious learning, undersampling of failure, and the myths of management. Organization Science, 14, 227–243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Framework, D. (2017). The Disciplined Agile (DA) framework [Online]. Available: [Accessed].
  4. Gartner Inc. (2012). Why IT projects fail in government. Stamford: Gartner Inc.Google Scholar
  5. Gereffi, G. H., Humphrey, J., & Sturgeon, T. (2005). The governance of global value chains. Review of International Political Economy, 12, 78–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hope, J. F., & Fraser, R. (2003). Beyond budgeting: How you can break free from the annual performance trap. HBS: Boston.Google Scholar
  7. KPMG International. (2017). KPMG’s International 2017 project management survey. Sydney: KPMG.Google Scholar
  8. PricewaterhouseCoopers. (2004). Boosting business performance through programme and project management. Woluwedal: Pricewaterhouse Coopers.Google Scholar
  9. Project Management Institute. (2013). Organizational project management maturity model. Newtown Square: PMI.Google Scholar
  10. Project Management Institute. (2014). A guide to the program management body of knowledge. Newtown: PMI.Google Scholar
  11. Project Management Institute. (2016). Pulse of the profession. Newtown Square: PMI.Google Scholar
  12. PWC. (2012). Insights and trends: Current programme and project management practices. Connectedthinking. Google Scholar
  13. Software, R. (2016). Scaled Agile Framework V4.0 (SAFe) [Online]. Available: [Accessed].

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Knapp
    • 1
  1. 1.Michael Knapp & AssociatesBundeenaAustralia

Personalised recommendations